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The font would be for commercial use and would be for web and app use. I cannot find any font for commercial I like and Augusta is perfect for the cover. They may be like some flags, table decorations and so on. We all agree it looks great. How much would this cost? I want to make sure that I am allowed to operate as described above.

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I would like to use Goudy Initialen in the Mass program for a priestly ordination. This qualifies as a private use, no? May I have your permission to use it on the cover only, one time only, and if so, then, how shall I create a pdf so that I might print the programs? I have designed the Mass program in InDesign. We are located in New Orleans, Louisiana.

I am a graphic designer and am working on redoing part of the magazine layout. Your font named Louisianne is absolutely perfect for this upcoming issue and is also one of my favorites. May I have your permission to use it? This would be for commercial use. Please get back to me as soon as possible.

I am creating a personal planner to you and love your Marketing Script. I would like to use it in my planner. It would be for commercial use …. Whether I just need permission or a place that I can send you a fee for the use of this font…. Thank you so much…..

I am in the midst of starting up a production company that is focused on creating content for the web, audiobooks, and other forms of media. What steps can we take to use the font commercially? I really love your Titania font and would love to use it on my book cover design I am working on. The book will be published at the end of the year.

What are your terms regarding this matter. Ich denke, die meisten Leute wissen, weshalb das so ist. Wenn nicht wirklich, dann wenigstens instinktiv. In diesem Zusammenhang danke ich Ihnen nochmals für die so zur Verfügung gestellte Eigenleistung und die Freigabe der von Ihnen digitalisierten Fonts, die sonst langsam verloren gehen würden. Somit ist Ihre Leistung auch eine kulturelle. Immerhin habe ich einige dieser Fonts schon käuflich erworben und feststellen müssen, dass es bei Überprüfung der Fonts immer wieder Probleme mit der einen oder anderen Tabelle gegeben hat.

Die Fonts, die ich von Ihnen hier downgeloadet habe, haben allerdings alle mit Bravour bestanden. Hier wird zwar Abhilfe geschaffen, viele Fragen bleiben trotzdem, wie zum Beispiel: Betrifft die Bezeichnung T1, die bei einigen Ihrer Fonts anzutreffen ist eine otf-Datei oder handelt es sich auch dabei um tt-Schriften?

Manchmal wird auf einigen Seiten erklärt, dass tt-Schriften od, otf-Ausgaben den persönlichen Geschmack betreffen, wie jemand gerne arbeitet. Beim oben angeführten Link erklärt man uns aber, dass tt-Fonts nur für den Bürogebrauch gut genug sind und für Druckereien nur otf-Ausgaben verwendbar seien.

Im Fontblog habe ich das allerdings wieder anders wahr genommen. Vielleicht erklären Sie ihren Lesern, wie es vonseiten eines echten, gelernten Schriftsetzers beurteilt wird: Vielen Dank nochmals für Ihre Leistungen am Allgemeinwohl bezüglich der schriftkulturellen Gestaltung.

Microsoft versuchte dann mit den True Type Fonts ein eigenes Format zu etablieren. Später einigte man sich wohl auf einen neuen gemeinsamen Standard, das Open Type Format. Für Windowsbenutzer ist es eigentlich ziemlich schwierig, T1-Schriften 2 Endungen: Diese Einstellung kann beim Erstellen der Fontdateien vorgenommen werden. Diese User wenden sich dann in der Regel an mich, weil sie meinen, die Fonts seien kopiergeschützt. Daher besser bei den hier im Blog angegebenen Links runterladen.

Vielen Dank für Ihre schnelle Antwort, die nicht nur Aufschlussreich gewesen ist, sondern auch noch ermutigt. Der Link oben — in meinem ersten Text — hat mich in diese Meinungsrichtung geleitet. Korrektur einiger Kleinigkeiten in meinem ersten Anschreiben: Das Eigenzitat werde zur besseren Verständlichkeit um ein Komma erweitert: Ist ja klar gewesen: Deshalb sind beim Zitieren wieder Teile verschwunden, die ich aber nicht korrigiere Spam!

Hier habe ich offensichtlich den Abschluss nicht verstanden. Werde mich mal um die neueren Befehle kümmern müssen. Da ich mehrere Versionen dieser Schrift in Blogs gefunden habe, die mit Ihnen in Verbindung zu stehen scheinen oder dies auch tun, stelle ich mir die Frage, ob beim er-Modell dadurch ein Unterschied zu den früheren erkennbar ist, dass, drückt man die Space-Taste, in der Vorschau rechts neben den Buchstaben einige Punkte festzustellen sind.

Bitte verschonen Sie mich bitte mit Anfragen, warum einzelne Fonts Probleme bereiten. In diesem Fall empfehle ich Ihnen, auf gewerbliche Fonts zurückzugreifen.

Erwarten Sie jezt von mir aber keine wissenschaftlich Erklärung sondern belegen ggf. Mann, Sie hatten Recht. Dass man sich manchmal aber auch gerade selbst dabei erwischen muss. Und so ist es gelaufen:. Soviel zur Behauptung, dass ich bisher nur bei Fontshop, der zum Fontblog gehört, gekauft und sonst nur bei Ihnen heruntergeladen hätte.

Aber über Fontblog und Peter Wiegel bin ich hierher gekommen. Also ist noch ein dritter im Spiel gewesen! It is for a fashion company and it is a showcard for trousers shapes for commercial use.

Please can I have your permission to use this font? Your fonts are absolutely beautiful, evocative of ancient times. I am a personal blogger and small business owner. With your permission, I would love to use your lovely font, Honey Script, to create graphics, flyers, digital downloads, and other similar items. I would be sure to credit you as the source for the font design any time I would use them for something that may directly bring income.

You have created beautiful fonts, and are certainly talented. Hello Sir, We are a French association aiming at promoting the ecology and we would like to use your typo Benjamin Franklin for one of our publications. Could you give us the authorization to use this typo? Guten Tag sehr geehrter Herr, Wir sind ein französischer Verein, der zum Ziel hat, die Ökologie zu befördern und wir benutzten Ihren typo Benjamin Franklin für einen unserer Veröffentlichungen gern.

Wir arbeiten an nicht erträglichem Ziel. Könnten Sie uns die Genehmigung geben, diesen typo zu benutzen? I work with Civilizations in Contact, a small UK-based charity. We found your Viking typeface on Fonts, and we were hoping to use it on our website. May we convert the original True Type font file into.

It would be much appreciated. Kind regards Ane Ava. I would like to use your font for a product label I am doing. Is there a price I may use the font commercially for, or do you only want it to be used for private uses only?

I am a jewellery designer and I absolutely adore your Romantiques font. I have found link on fontspace. I am planning to make series of necklaces cut in acrylic using this font. I would give credit to your designs in every listing as frankly I think there are worth shouting about! Please let me know if you are happy for me to use the font. Steffman, I am an independent hand draped couture clothing designer.

I work one on one with clients to hand drape and sew wedding dresses and special occasion dresses for them. I am just launching my second website, with which I hope to elevate my web presence and brand identity a bit from what people know me as, which is a designer who works almost exclusively with repurposed vintage materials, which you could see on my old website: I found out after laying out the typography that although its free, its not for commercial use. Is there any possible way to allow its use for commercial use?

I dont really have a source for funds, which is why I was looking for free fonts to adapt…. Please feel free to take a look at my two sites, see what you think, and let me know if that would be possible. Best regards, Sonia Kasparian. Steffmann, I discovered your lovely font Honey Script on dafont. Is it permissible to use the font for titles in a catalog that I am designing for a client?

The catalogs are for promotional use only and not for sale. May I have your permission to download and use the font for this project? Steffmann, I adore your Honey Script that I found on dafont.

The catalog is a sales tools for a jewelry line and not something that will be for sale. Is it OK to use your font for this purpose? We would be happy to provide your name in the catalog as well for proper attribution. Can you email me and let me know? Ich hoffe, Sie haben nichts dagegen, wenn ich Ihnen mitteile, das bei allen Verve-Schnitten die Nachbreite des i sowie des z nicht in Ordnung sind.

So wird der dem I folgende Buchstabe auf das I draufgelegt was beim Z ähnlich ist, aber dann doch nicht so arg ausfällt. As I was looking for inspiring fonts for the cover art, I found your Cardinal and Cardinal Alternate fonts on dafonts. I love both of them! May I have your permission to use them for the title and by line? I work for a non-profit company that engages in educational, social and charitable activities in Australia. I am requesting your permission to use your fonts to create logos, graphics, and flyers that will be used to promote the events we will have throughout the year.

I would greatly appreciate you allowing us to use them. Thank you so much for considering my request! I would like to use your Honeyscript font as part of my logo. How much would it be to use this font? Firstly, apologies, I have no German, only English. I am hoping to build a career in illustration and have recently finished my first ebook. Your Romantiques type works beautifully with my aesthetic and story themes. I wanted ask before I used it. So if you can get back to me as soon as possible that would be great.

Greetings from the US! Hallo, ich würde gerne für ein Firmenlogo die Schriftart Augusta Regular verwenden. Ist dieses möglich, bzw. Was kostet die Lizenzweitergabe? I admire his work a lot. I am a graphic design student from Argentina. I want to start a personal project of handmade notebooks.

I am requesting your permission to use your font. I would appreciate to let me use it. Wären Sie damit einverstanden? Steffmann, we are underground dark ritual ambient project from czech mountains, although we have published our music via english label. We really very like Your Canterbury font, it could be used for graphics for our music? I was wondering if you could allow a commercial use in this context? I am the adviser of a public high school yearbook in the USA. We are interested in using your Coaster font for the cover of our yearbook.

This is a school publication that will have a very limited less than copies run. Do I have your permission sir? Dear Mr Steffmann, Could you let me know if it would be possible to use one of your fonts for a commercial project and if so what the license fee would be. I would like to use your font Fette Egyptienne in a poster an event for a non-profit organization in Richmond, Virginia. Would that be possible?

I emailed earlier to request use of Fette Egyptienne. I wanted to give you a little more information. Obviusly I would be careful to credit you as the source of the font design.

Hallo, ich bin eine Mutter zu Hause und ich machen handgemachte Seife, dass ich hoffe, zu verkaufen. Könnte das sein, in Ordnung? Ich sehe, dass Sie die Erlaubnis, einige auf einer Eins-zu-eins-Basis gegeben haben, so dass ich mich auch gefragt. Vielen Dank für Ihre Aufmerksamkeit und leid, Sie zu stören! Your fonts are just wonderful, they are the best collection I have seen and all the more remarkable thay they are all from one man.

I have just spent three days downloading all of them to decide which I would keep. I did notice that perhaps 1 in 10 seems incomplete though? Such as this one:. Where the front page shows a complete alphabet, but the downloaded fonts are missing some letters. Please could you tell me if that is correct, or is there a problem with the uploaded files?

I only ask as one of the fonts will open as ttf, but the otf says the file is corrupted, even though I downloaded it twice to ensure there was a problem in the file and not just a corrupted download.

That is perfectly OK, I just wanted to make sure there was no problems with the downloads, your work is so beautiful, that I wanted to make sure the copies I had were as they were meant to be. I have now downloaded them all and kept most of them, you must be incredibly talented to be able to make so many fonts and to be able to make them look so good. I have been collecting fonts for over 15 years now and almost half of the fonts I have kept on my computer are done by you!

Please contact me aemedical23 gmail. Hi, It says that Hoedown regular is a free font. Hallo I would like information about font Buldur Regular. How much cost this font for commerciall using? Thank you for your soon answer. Ich designe gerade ein Logo für enge Freunde, die sich mit einem kleinen bayerischen Gewerbe im Bereich Veranstaltungstechnik selbständig machen wollen.

Wir haben uns dabei in Ihre Schrift Plakat Fraktur verliebt und wollten nun fragen ob wir diese in dem Logo verwenden dürfen. I was able to find your font Louisianne and I just love it. I am working on some branding and this font would perfectly fit the composition. I was wondering if I could use it for commercial purposes. Unfortunately, being a student limits your budget, so I would greatly appreciate your support.

Unter Ihren vielen Fans, auch ich freue mich auf eine Schriftart für kommerzielle Zwecke zu verwenden. Ich schreibe ein Comic, Grundgesetze, dass ich hoffe, eines Tages zu veröffentlichen lehrt. Eines der Gesetze über das Urheberrecht sein. Bitte lassen Sie mich wissen, wenn Sie irgendwelche Fragen oder Bedenken haben.

Ich entschuldige mich, dass ich mit Google übersetzen, Ihnen zu schreiben. Ich war zehn, als ich aufgehört, Deutsch zu lernen und jetzt Portugiesisch und Englisch sprechen statt. Ich möchte mich heute persönlich an Sie wenden, um zu verstehen, unter welchen Voraussetzungen ich Ihre Schriftart Königsberger Gotisch für den Druck von Schmuckurkunden verwenden darf.

Bisher wurden die Urkunden von einem Graphiker von Hand erstellt, der aber nun in Ruhestand geht und die jüngeren Kollegen möchten diese Urkunden aus handgeschöpften Papier nicht übernehmen. Schriftart kommt der Originalschrift sehr nahe, weshalb ich diese gerne verwenden würde. Mr Steffmann, I am doing a project for my graphic design class. We are making a beer label for a client and I have used your Herkules font.

If my label is chosen, would the client be able to sell his beer with my label on it? I will not be profitting from the beer sales but if mine gets chosen, I would like to make sure he and I are given permission to use it freely. I am selling original paper products in Japan. I really like your font. Could I have you give me the permission for that? If I use , do I need to pay?

Is it ok for me to use it? Its only one local restaurant, and not a big chain or something. It would look really beautiful! Desde ya agradecida por su tiempo. Leider kann man sich ja nicht immer auf die Angaben der Anbieter bezüglich der Lizenzen verlassen. Deshalb habe ich noch ein wenig nachgeforscht und bin nun auf Ihre Homepage gestossen.

Dürfte ich Ihre Schriftart zur Erstellung eines Logos für unser kleines Familienunternehmen verwenden? I have been asked to create a logo design for a web company here in Washington, US.

The company will use a vintage plane as their branding theme. It looks so beautiful with the vintage plane image…other fonts pale in comparison. I will credit your work. Thank you for your talents and beautiful fonts! They are such a treat to look at. I am a young artist trying to become independent and I have been looking all over for fonts to use in my designs. I was hoping to get your permission, would it be possible to use your font for my designs?

I allow myself to send you a post about your work. Well , I am a young French student hence my very bad English level! And I wanted in parrallel of my studies realize one of my dreams: Create a clothing brand to offer my creations! Since I did not want to do it secretly , I wonder if I Could -have your permission or not.

Hello, I would like to use your MiddleSaxonyText font for a commercial project. Would this be ok? I am just starting a home-based card and graphic design business and would like to use Honey Script as the font on my logo and some of the others as fonts on some holiday cards and wedding announcements.

I love all of your fonts so much! I run a small crafting company making bespoke gift items. I would love to be able to use a few of your fonts in my work. I understand i would need a commercial licence to use them as i will be selling the products made using them. I am more than happy to pay for the rights. Please email me direct asap to arrange payment and licence terms.

I would like to use your Marketing Script font for a logo for my small media transfer company, which converts old tapes to digital. Would this be possible? Is it permissible to use your Tanch font in conjunction with the BST Font to create niqqud under the Tenach consonants. No modifications were made to either font pursuant to the licensing agreements? The combination of the two fonts creates an interesting Yinglish looking output,. Ich wollte ihnen erstmal zu den tollen Schriften gratulieren, da ich grade an einem neuen Shop -mit Produkt Designer — arbeite und mich in dem Rahmen auch mit den Lizenzen beschäftigte bin ich nun zum ersten mal auf ihrer Seite gelandet.

So habe ich heute festgestellt, das viele meiner Lieblingsschriften aus ihrer Feder stammen. T geglättet und zu einem schneidbaren Font gepuzzelt und da ich das zum ersten mal gemacht habe, ist mir nochmal klar geworden, was das für eine komplexe Arbeit ist.

Die ich ihre Schriften bisher sehr gerne benutzt habe und auch gerne weiter für meinen kleinen Aufklebershop Hundeaufkleber nutzen würde, wollte ich sie fragen ob sie mir das gestatten würden?

Ich habe die Schriften lediglich teilweise digitalisiert bzw. Die Urheber sind alle bereits länger als 75 Jahre tot oder unbekannt. Insofern sind die Schriften alle frei verwendbar. Ich warte nur noch auf den Frühling! Und natürlich werde ich den bereits erkundeten Feuer- und Flamme-Weg in Bergneustadt angehen, sobald das Wetter es zulässt. I would like to discuss using your font Quentin Caps on some of our products.

Please could you email me at your earliest convenience. I am designing a shirt for an environmental organization at my college and am interested in the Coaster font, is there anyway I can use it? The shirts would only be going to the officers, so about 5 people. Thank you so much and I look forward to hearing back.

Hi, I am interested in using your Hoedown font for use in digital scrapbook products and wonder if there is a charge for this? Thank you in advance. Dear Dieter, I am running a small home-based card and graphic design business and would like to use Honey Script as the font on one postcard and one graphic print and of course I would be happy to pay you for your permission to use it.

Thank you very much in advance. I really appreciate all your fonts, they are just beautiful Best regards, Monika. If you are willing, I would like your permission to use your Marker Felt font on this app and future apps in the same series. Schon als Kind verschlang ich alles was ich zum Lesen fand, und die ersten Ausflüge waren Bücher in altdeutscher Schrift. Da kamen nun viele Erinnerungen hoch. Im Leben bin ich — auch gesundheitlich — nun an einem Punkt angelangt, wo ich beruflich nur noch das machen will was mir am Herzen liegt.

Bislang war es nur ein Hobby und die Ergebnisse wurden verschenkt. Es sind Karten mit kurzen Texten und Zitaten. Geplant sind zudem auch kleine Geschenke-Bücher mit Fotos und Text sowie eine Webseite, wo man dies auch ansehen kann. Auf der Seite des Fontsanbieter waren Ihre Schriften als frei für den kommerziellen Gebrauch angegeben, jedoch las ich eben auf Ihrer Webseite, dass dem nicht so ist. Nach Durchsicht der anderen Kommentare ist meine Frage nun, ob Sie es mir dennoch gestatten, einige Ihrer Schriften zu verwenden?

Das würde mir sehr viel bedeuten! I am a professor at a small university in Dallas, Texas, instructing graphic design and art classes. I am also a freelance graphic designer earning a modest income for my family. I am requesting your permission to use your fonts to create logos, visual identity, and other graphic designs. You will be credited in any of my work where I have used your font designs.

Currently, I am designing a logo in which I would like to use Goudy Initialen. Thank you in advance for considering my request. Die Schrift soll auf T-Shirts gedruckt werden, welche ich online zum Kauf anbiete.

Wie viel würde das kosten? Ich bitte Sie um eine Antwort über E-Mail. Hello, I am a student and was looking to use your Honey Script font to print myself and friends t-shirts. May I have your permission in doing so? I am in the first stages of starting a home based yarn dyeing and knitwear design business.

I have fallen in love with your Honey Script font and I am in awe of how perfectly it lends itself to the image of my small business, fancy and eye catching, yet soft and modest. It resembles my own handwritting, yet much cleaner of course. I would like to ask your permission for commercial use of the Honey script font as inspiration for my business logo, and while I have modified it slightly to suit my products main logo, the original font will appear on business cards, yarn labels, and website.

I would of course, be more than happy to credit you with the font design on my website as well as online store. I am an artist and photographer, currently in the beginning stages of starting my business. It struck my eye because of its certain rebellious flavor and touch of elegance.

I have modified it slightly, increasing its width to fit the identity of the business. I want to use this font for that phrase. Would it be possible to use your Gabriola and Gabrielle fonts for commercial purpose on my front cover? Dear Mr Steffman, Greetings form St. Thank you for providing all of your amazing fonts.

I would like to formally request the use of your fonts for commercial print purposes. I am starting a home-based T-shirt and media design company, focusing on free-thought, science, skepticism and human equality themes. I am particularly interested in the Due Date font. It will be perfect for my logo and many of my pending designs.

Thank you for considering my request. This is a request for approval to use your font for our new digital invitation service. We plan to compete with Paperless Post and your font would be seen by a large user group. We would of course list the name of your font on the platform.

The font would be for commercial use and would be for web and app use. We would require your permission to use on the web and as an app. I would like to ask your permission to use the font Saddlebag Black for a commercial trade show sign to be displayed in a private environment. Could you please let me know at your earliest convenience if I have permission to use the font? Can I use them for commercial use?

Thank you so much for your beautiful work. Kind regards, Alexandra Martins. We are considering your excellent rendering of this font for the title of a brand of products for children. I am completely taken with your Honey Script font. I am starting a fine art print business and I would like your permission to use the font on some of my marketing materials, specifically some stationery, packaging, stickers, postcards and website graphics. I am more than happy to license them, but it seems from this site that perhaps permission is all that you require.

First of all, I would like to say thank you for creating beautiful fonts. Please let me know if I can use your font with your permission for free, or if not, how much would it be to license this font.

I fell in love with the minimalism and grooviness of the font Prisma. I would love to use it as a font for my lounge band. We are just starting out, but it really catches the essence we feel in our sound.

Würde mich sehr freuen, und finde diese Schrift einfach perfekt. I would like to know what the license is of your font Hoedown. Because on several sites it says that its free for commercial use.

If it is not. What will the fee be? Herr Steffman, Vary nice collection of fonts. What I would like to know is what the font is at the top of this page: Kind regards, Martin D. Like the countless people before me, and the many more to come, I have fallen in love with your font collection.

Relying on your previous online responses to requests for commercial permission on this site, requesting permission here is all that is required. I would like to use the font in the next 30 days. I am a self taught 3d artist and aspiring to be a 3d animator. I currently work as a dishwasher at a restaurant and I also do freelance graphic design work on the side. I would be so grateful for it! Thank you kindly for creating such lovely fonts. I am very interested in using some of them to produce chalk drawings with inspirational messages.

I would like to sell my drawings on Etsy. I am a stay-at-home mom of four and my husband does not have retirement saved. I would like to help him retire some day and also have enough to give to poor children and oppressed people groups living in poorer countries.

I look forward to your response. Ich war für die Grafik verantwortlich und habe in einer Szene ihren Font AnglicanText verwendet da er mir sehr gut gefiel. Nun haben wir uns überlegt, dass wir vielleicht eine Website machen wollen, auf der man sich das Spiel herunterladen kann.

Wir würden dort gerne auch einen Spenden-Button einfügen also wäre das dann ja eine kommerzielle Nutzung. Uns würde es sehr freuen wenn sie uns die Erlaubnis dazu geben. Über eine Antwort würde ich mich sehr freuen!

I would like to use one of your letters at the beginning of each chapter. I am asking for permission as I have noticed they are royalty free for personal use. My goal is to educate children about looking after our planet and each other. It would be an honour to use your beautiful fonts. And I would love to send you the book after publication. Please let me know if you will alow me the use.

Otherwise I will search or design something. I am organising the printing of the book as we speak. Kind regards, Susan Pease. I hope everything is good with you! Would you please be able to allow me to use it on this project? Steffmann, Please allow me to introduce myself.

My name is Mitch Gelman and I am about to start my very first business. It would be an absolute honor to use it for my start-up consulting line of work. That being said, I am kindly asking for your permission to do so.

If this is possible, I would be ever so grateful and will definitely send you nothing but positive energy in return. I look forward to your response at your convenience. Until then, I wish you the best of good health and good fortune, and I hope you have a wonderful day! Best Regards, Mitch Gelman. Pausanias records that, in Sparta, Aphrodite was worshipped as Aphrodite Areia , which means "warlike". Aphrodite was the patron goddess of prostitutes of all varieties, [65] [48] ranging from pornai cheap street prostitutes typically owned as slaves by wealthy pimps to hetairai expensive, well-educated hired companions, who were usually self-employed and sometimes provided sex to their customers.

Scholars in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries believed that the cult of Aphrodite may have involved ritual prostitution , [70] [68] an assumption based on ambiguous passages in certain ancient texts, particularly a fragment of a skolion by the Boeotian poet Pindar , [71] which mentions prostitutes in Corinth in association with Aphrodite. The ancient Romans identified Aphrodite with their goddess Venus , [77] who was originally a goddess of agricultural fertility, vegetation, and springtime.

This syncretism greatly impacted Greek worship of Aphrodite. Aphrodite is usually said to have been born near her chief center of worship, Paphos , on the island of Cyprus , which is why she is sometimes called "Cyprian", especially in the poetic works of Sappho. However, other versions of her myth have her born near the island of Cythera , hence another of her names, "Cytherea". According to the version of her birth recounted by Hesiod in his Theogony , [85] [86] Cronus severed Uranus' genitals and threw them behind him into the sea.

In the Iliad , [91] Aphrodite is described as the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Aphrodite is consistently portrayed as a nubile, infinitely desirable adult, having had no childhood. In Book Eight of the Odyssey , [97] however, the blind singer Demodocus describes Aphrodite as the wife of Hephaestus [96] and tells how she committed adultery with Ares during the Trojan War.

Later stories were invented to explain Aphrodite's marriage to Hephaestus. In the most famous story, Zeus hastily married Aphrodite to Hephaestus in order to prevent the other gods from fighting over her. Aphrodite is almost always accompanied by Eros , the god of lust and sexual desire.

The fertility god Priapus was usually considered to be Aphrodite's son by Dionysus , [] [] but he was sometimes also described as her son by Hermes, Adonis, or even Zeus.

The First Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite Hymn 5 , which was probably composed sometime in the mid-seventh century BC, [] describes how Zeus once became annoyed with Aphrodite for causing deities to fall in love with mortals, [] so he caused her to fall in love with Anchises , a handsome mortal shepherd who lived in the foothills beneath Mount Ida near the city of Troy.

Aphrodite, however, lies and tells him that she is not a goddess, [] but the daughter of one of the noble families of Phrygia. After the lovemaking is complete, Aphrodite reveals her true divine form. The myth of Aphrodite and Adonis is probably derived from the ancient Sumerian legend of Inanna and Dumuzid. Aphrodite found the baby, [] and took him to the underworld to be fostered by Persephone. In different versions of the story, the boar was either sent by Ares, who was jealous that Aphrodite was spending so much time with Adonis, [] or by Artemis, who wanted revenge against Aphrodite for having killed her devoted follower Hippolytus.

The myth of Adonis is associated with the festival of the Adonia , which was celebrated by Greek women every year in midsummer. In Hesiod's Works and Days , Zeus orders Aphrodite to make Pandora , the first woman, physically beautiful and sexually attractive, [] so that she may become "an evil men will love to embrace". According to one myth, Aphrodite aided Hippomenes , [] [] a noble youth who wished to marry Atalanta , a maiden who was renowned throughout the land for her beauty, [] [] but who refused to marry any man unless he could outrun her in a footrace.

The myth of Pygmalion is first mentioned by the third-century BC Greek writer Philostephanus of Cyrene , [] [] but is first recounted in detail in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Aphrodite generously rewarded those who honored her, but also punished those who disrespected her, often quite brutally. In Euripides 's tragedy Hippolytus , which was first performed at the City Dionysia in BC, Theseus's son Hippolytus worships only Artemis , the goddess of virginity, and refuses to engage in any form of sexual contact.

Glaucus of Corinth angered Aphrodite by refusing to let his horses for chariot racing mate, since doing so would hinder their speed. Aphrodite cursed her, causing her to have children by a bear. The resulting offspring, Agrius and Oreius, were wild cannibals who incurred the hatred of Zeus.

Ultimately, he transformed all the members of the family into birds of ill omen. The myth of the Judgement of Paris is mentioned briefly in the Iliad , [] but is described in depth in an epitome of the Cypria , a lost poem of the Epic Cycle , [] which records that all the gods and goddesses as well as various mortals were invited to the marriage of Peleus and Thetis the eventual parents of Achilles.

The goddesses chose to place the matter before Zeus, who, not wanting to favor one of the goddesses, put the choice into the hands of Paris, a Trojan prince. All three goddesses were ideally beautiful and Paris could not decide between them, so they resorted to bribes.

Aphrodite plays an important and active role throughout the entirety of Homer's Iliad. Aphrodite's most prominent avian symbol was the dove, [] which was originally an important symbol of her Near Eastern precursor Inanna-Ishtar. Because of her connections to the sea, Aphrodite was associated with a number of different types of water fowl , [] including swans, geese, and ducks. A scene of Aphrodite rising from the sea appears on the back of the Ludovisi Throne c. During the Hellenistic and Roman periods, statues depicting Aphrodite proliferated; [] many of these statues were modeled at least to some extent on Praxiteles's Aphrodite of Knidos.

The Ludovisi Throne possibly c. Attic white-ground red-figured kylix of Aphrodite riding a swan c. Aphrodite and Himeros , detail from a silver kantharos c. Red-figure vase painting of Aphrodite and Phaon c. Apuleian vase painting of Zeus plotting with Aphrodite to seduce Leda while Eros sits on her arm c.

Aphrodite Kallipygos "Aphrodite of the Beautiful Buttocks". Aphrodite Heyl second century BC. Greek sculpture group of Aphrodite, Eros, and Pan c. Aphrodite of Milos c. Aphrodite of Menophantos first century BC. The Ludovisi Aphrodite of Knidos.

The Lely Venus c. Early Christians frequently adapted pagan iconography to suit Christian purposes. Aphrodite is the central figure in Sandro Botticelli 's painting Primavera , which has been described as "one of the most written about, and most controversial paintings in the world", [] and "one of the most popular paintings in Western art". Primavera late s or early s by Sandro Botticelli.

Venus of Urbino c. Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time c. Venus and Adonis by Titian. Venus with a Mirror c. Venus, Adonis and Cupid c. The Toilet of Venus c. The Death of Adonis c. Jacques-Louis David 's final work was his magnum opus , Mars Being Disarmed by Venus , [] which combines elements of classical, Renaissance, traditional French art, and contemporary artistic styles.

He began upgrading the freighter into a highly-specialized smuggling vessel, and also makes a brief stop with Chewbacca on the Wookiee home planet of Kashyyyk , where Chewbacca married Mallatobuck.

Solo and Chewbacca then embarked on a series of adventures. He was reluctant to aid his former love, who was planning an all-out attack against the slaving colonies on Ylesia.

Promised appropriate compensation, Solo, Calrissian, and Chewbacca take on the mission. In the aftermath of the battle, Tharen's troopers turned their blasters on Calrissian and the rest of Solo's friends, confiscating all valuables in the name of the Rebel Alliance.

Angered, Han Solo threatens to kill Tharen if he ever saw her again. Defaced and branded a traitor back on Nar Shaddaa, Lando Calrissian refused to believe Solo was not involved in the swindle, and punched his former friend in the jaw. Desperate for money, Solo and Chewbacca took a spice smuggling run from Jabba who had inherited his aunt's criminal empire through the Kessel Run.

However, the duo were met mid-Run by an Imperial patrol, and were forced to abandon their cargo in deep space while the Falcon was searched and escorted to a nearby world. When they came back to look for the cargo, however, the two discovered it had disappeared. The smuggler tried to explain what happened, but Jabba — in a drug-induced haze — turned his back on Solo and demanded compensation for the lost spice.