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Musa acuminata , M. In your country secret services including military are developing weapons that make you hear voices and covertly testing these weapons on random human beings or groups of people. They paint walls, fix leaky taps and replace any old kitchen equipment without asking you to pay for it. They play a key role in maintaining and supporting the digestive and immune system. Desks convert to a standing position or have adjustable split levels for monitors and keyboards.
Chemical composition and phytotoxic effects of essential oils from four Teucrium species. Genome mining in Streptomyces clavuligerus: Composition and antimicrobial activity of the leaf and twig oils of Litsea mushaensis and L. Mey Roots from Iran. Chemical composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oil of Allium sphaerocephalon L.
Essential oil composition and insecticidal activity of Blumea perrottetiana growing in southwestern Nigeria. Essential oil composition and variability of Hypericum perforatum from wild populations of northern Turkey. Biological activity of the essential oil of Kadsura longipedunculata Schisandraceae and its major components.
Constituents, antileishmanial activity and toxicity profile of volatile oil from berries of Croton macrostachyus. Essential oil from leaves of Lippia dulcis grown in Colombia. Chemical composition and biological properties of Rhododendron anthopogon essential oil. Composition and antimicrobial activity of the leaf essential oil of Litsea nakaii from Taiwan.
Identification, functional characterization and developmental regulation of sesquiterpene synthases from sunflower capitate glandular trichomes. Constituents of Cajanus cajan L. Analysis of essential oil from Teucrium maghrebinum Greuter et Burdet growing wild in Algeria. Flowerhead volatile oil composition of soilless culture-grown Chrysanthemum balsamita L. Diversity of sesquiterpene synthases in the basidiomycete Coprinus cinereus.
GC-MS analysis and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Stachys cretica subsp. Discrimination of pasture-fed lambs from lambs fed dehydrated alfalfa indoors using different compounds measured in the fat, meat and plasma.
Constituents of leaves and flowers essential oils of Helichrysum pallasii Spreng. Essential oil variability in natural populations of Picea omorika, a rare European conifer. Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods. Detailed analysis of the essential oil from Cistus albidus L. Production and diversity of volatile terpenes from plants on calcareous and siliceous soils: Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus peuce from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
Composition, and anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of the volatile oil from the fruit peel of Garcinia brasiliensis. The molecular and biochemical basis for varietal variation in sesquiterpene content in melon Cucumis melo L. Content, composition, and bioactivity of the essential oils of three basil genotypes as a function of harvesting. Antimicrobial activity of extractable conifer heartwood compounds toward Phytophthora ramorum.
Volatile compounds on the leaf surface of intact and regrowth tarbush Flourensia cernua DC canopies. Anti-inflammation activities of essential oil and its constituents from indigenous cinnamon Cinnamomum osmophloeum twigs. Essential oil composition of Hypericum triquetrifolium Turra. Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus heldreichii from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia. Chemical composition and anti-inflammatory activity of copaiba oils from Copaifera cearensis Huber ex Ducke, Copaifera reticulata Ducke and Copaifera multijuga Hayne--a comparative study.
Compositions and biological activities of essential oils of Kadsura longepedunculata and Schisandra sphenanthera. A comparison of chemical, antioxidant and antimicrobial studies of cinnamon leaf and bark volatile oils, oleoresins and their constituents. Chemical composition of the essential oil of Pelargonium quercetorum Agnew. Engineering cottonseed for use in human nutrition by tissue-specific reduction of toxic gossypol. Constituents of the essential oil from aerial parts of Chromolaena odorata from Thailand.
Changes in terpene content in milk from pasture-fed cows. Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO 2 extract of Artemisia arborescens L. Analysis of atmospheric sesquiterpenes: The pathogen causing Dutch elm disease makes host trees attract insect vectors. Essential Oil of Betula pendula Roth.
The significance of background odour for an egg parasitoid to detect plants with host eggs. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oils from different tissues of Japanese Cedar Cryptomeria japonica. Analysis of essential oils from wild and micropropagated plants of damiana Turnera diffusa. The sesquiterpene hydrocarbons of maize Zea mays form five groups with distinct developmental and organ-specific distributions. It can also be marketed as potash rice fertilizer.
High pressure steam is used in a turbine system to generate power. Surplus power and steam will be available for distillery operation and other uses. The concentrated liquor is then mixed with wet cake and dried in rotary dryer to generate DDGS, which has high nutrition value and can be used as cattle feed.
After dyeing, the waste water generated is called Dye Bath water and after washing, the waste water generated is called wash water. When released in open land the effluent seeps into the groundwater which results in damage to agricultural crops, causes skin disorder and spoils ground water. This technology saves precious water from getting polluted, thus saving the environment from ecological hazards.
Pharmaceutical and bulk drug industries emanate effluent which consists of high organic contents with high COD. For the purpose of treating this effluent, Evaporation and Drying methods are used.
Other auxiliary techniques such as stripping of solvents, centrifuging, filtration, and incineration are also employed depending upon the characteristics of the effluent. If you do not know about this then you may start to think that these people can read your mind, which can be very depressing. I wrote several article about electronic mind control, if you are a target and do not know about this capabilities you may want to read this. Links, portable laser weapon, portable through-wall vision, mind reading headset, voice-to-skull: If you are hearing voices you may be a mental case but it is also possible that you are a target of highly illegal mind control activities by some sick bastards.
In your country secret services including military are developing weapons that make you hear voices and covertly testing these weapons on random human beings or groups of people.
Some terms used to describe this phenomenon: Voice-to-skull Microwave hearing Silent sound. February 28, , April 11, , June 10, , June 13, , June 25, , September 6, , December 24, ]. Almost anybody can become a temporary target of these horrible electronic weapons.
Please read what can be done so you are prepared. This is not science fiction but happening right now in our 'democratic' society. Below is a list of all possible attacks by electronic weapons that I know of by experience. I know more attacks exists. Female targets write about sexual attacks, others mention continuous ringing in the ears, etc.
I may add these later. I decided to keep this list personal, i. These attacks are done by the following kind of electronic weapons: For another introduction you may want to read: The people cookers - Cooking people like a microwave oven cooks meat. Or, read the summary of my previous blogs: On the internet already a lot of symptoms and attacks by these weapons can be found.
Most of these lists do not detail these attacks and that is exactly what I am trying to do here. In my opinion it is not enough to read that such a weapon gives you a burning feeling, instead the horrible details must be exposed!
Description of a continuous high intensity microwave weapon attack: This weapon makes your skin really burn like a very heavy sunburn and cooks your inside, you really feel being cooked alive, you are heated like meat in a microwave oven, with intensities that exceed those of a microwave oven. Gal is coming out of your throat and fluids inside your body evaporate making you instantly burp. In case of high intensity there is also a burning sensation on the other side of the body, where the beam, of approximately cm diameter leaves the body.
The burning sensation and the cooked-inside feeling will go away after minutes or days depending on the duration and intensity, it may take a day or more to recover from high power microwave bursts with durations of seconds but can you recover from these amounts of irradiation?
A cup of milk is heated and starts evaporating after seconds. The electronic weapons aimed at you can make you burp or fart within seconds, hence the intensity of electromagnetic irradiation is not only used to torture a person but murder as well. Electronic harassment is called covert if the target does not know about these weapons and methods.
If you do not know about these weapons you may think you have all the bad luck in the world, you will wonder what strange things are happening to you, to your body, and accept you do not control your life anymore.
If intended-to-notice or noticed , electronic harassment is torture in its most horrible form. What would you do if your body is made to react every time to events occurring in your life, e. They make you go the toilet to urinate when you want to leave your house They cook your legs before running They burn and cook your body high power to prevent you doing you work.
Note that this delaying is often done together with gang stalking methods like cars blocking your road, phone calls when you are to leave your home, etc. To make things worse: They make you sneeze extra times when you have a cold They cook your throat become sore when you have a cold They attack your eyes until red with blood The cook your legs after running They cook or burn where you have pain already.
They cook and burn your body everywhere They cook your family, your children, friends, …. Note that this torture is often done together with gang stalking methods like synchronizing saw machines, honking horns of cars, screaming birds pigeons, crows , etc.
Special methods have been developed to make you think you have a heart problem, erection problem, toothache, etc. For the ones exposing these horrendous crimes they developed methods to inflict maximum pain, e. I would like to make a correction, please call it the maximum pain business. After accepting that there are really such sick and disgusting creatures actually developing and applying these methods and torture, you also have to accept that it is not about just pressing a button, but also about the way how this torture is applied.
Zapping your eyes red to make you look bad, cooking biceps to prevent you from swimming, cooking your throat to prevent you from singing, inducing heart problems and toothaches to prevent you working or sports. More horror, these methods and procedures could not have been highly developed without being tested on humans, on real persons.
And again more horror, these methods are often used with gang stalking organized stalking methods. Like they cook your ankle with insane intensities making your foot very painful, and when you go outside all kinds of people with leg problems are crossing your path, people limping, in a wheelchair, sometimes even someone without a leg.
Or, they start sawing wood somewhere and when the saw enters the wood cook your body with high intensity microwave. Horrible torture that can be called torturing a person to death. Damaging your body can be done in several ways. One vital organ is the heart.
They can attack the heart very effective with: Microwave weapons, cooking the heart area slowly High Power Microwave HPM weapons, cooking the heart area in a second Ultrasonic weapons, pressurizing the heart area Heart frequency manipulation weapons. These weapons can damage your heart in a split second, you may not survive such a attack, but can also be used to slowly damage your heart. Slowly cook your heart area so will get a strange feeling and in fact your heart is really damaged.
During Senate testimony in into illegal activities by the CIA, it was revealed that the agency had developed a dart gun capable of causing a heart attack Then there is also the frequency manipulation attack, your heart may feel pulsing, blobbing like crazy.
Cook heart area from the front, often together with a cook beam from left behind. Slow damage, horrible feeling Flash your heart with very high power microwave. These effects will give you a very realistic heart attack or heart problem feeling feeling. Your heart may start pounding very loud, may feel very painful, the heart area may feel strange, cooked. If applied with enough power, this really damages your heart and heart area. Your heart is cooked like meat in a microwave oven.
Can you recover from these attacks? In general they will not murder you or leave evidence, your heart may feel very painful for several days after they stop their attacks. It can take weeks until all pain in the area has disappeared. I am not sure about permanent damage caused by these attacks.
Can you die from such an attack? Yes, if the intensity of the beam is high enough your heart can be damaged or temporarily disturbed in such a way that you will die. You yourself are the best judge of what you feel. If you believe something really is wrong with your heart then visit a doctor. If you are certain your heart is attacked then avoid visiting a doctor as this will confirm a heart problem in case you collapse or die, case closed.
The human body appears to be extremely vulnerable to electromagnetic irradiation of all kind of frequencies. The human body also is a electromagnetic transmitter and sensitive radio equipment can pick up and decode the signals that are generated e.
In contrast to a knife or a bullet, electromagnetic signals are not blocked by walls, compare your cell phone. Patent for nervous system manipulation by electromagnetic fields from monitors and TVs Limited protection is possible using sheet metal, metal plates, water, vacuum, but if you really are a target the attackers increase intensities if necessary to insane levels , change frequency, attack from different angles etc.
Also remember that these weapons can hit a person without hitting the person sitting next to this person. They can be aimed and the diameter of the beam can be made small enough to hit only the target. Anybody Can be a Target. Electronic weapons make it very easy to eliminate persons, to get persons temporarily out of the way, to murder persons, etc.
The ones owning and controlling this technology now can get everything they want in a very easy way. They can get their football player into the national team by temporarily cut out the competitor for the same position in the team. This could be done with other means as well but it is very easy with electronic weapons. To influence a tennis match you could cook a player by heating the body with microwaves compare microwave oven.
He will just feel overheated and sick and loose the game. These are just two examples to demonstrate what can be done. You can imagine almost anybody can become a target. Some people because they are more visible then others, because they have something the sick network wants, because they know something the sick network does not want to be exposed, because they are too intelligent for the sick network, ust for personal reasons because may be they made a remark about someone, etc.
The Program was designed to identify and "neutralize" via infiltration, capture, counter-terrorism, interrogation, and assassination the infrastructure of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam NLF or Viet Cong. The CIA described it as "a set of programs that sought to attack and destroy the political infrastructure of the Viet Cong".
Many of these people were then taken to interrogation centers where many were allegedly tortured in an attempt to gain intelligence on VC activities in the area. The information extracted at the centers was then given to military commanders, who would use it to task the PRU with further capture and assassination missions.
The program was in operation between and , and similar efforts existed both before and after that period. By , Phoenix operatives had neutralized 81, suspected NLF operatives, informants and supporters, of whom between 26, and 41, were killed. Electronic Weapons Can Kill a Person. Besides using electronic weapons to monitor, drive into suicide, cause temporary injuries, they can also be used to kill a person. Killing is possible by sending wrong signals to the heart making it pulse in abnormal ways, or by increasing intensity and cooking the heart area, damaging the heart slowly.
Although little is known at this time about the effects of long term irradiation, it is not difficult to imagine that this will cause all kinds of diseases as electromagnetic irradiation destroys your DNA cell with damaged DNA are called cancer. Again all these horrible things can be done, and are done today, without evidence. It is often very difficult to distinghuish between normal body behaviour and induced body behaviour if there no signs of burning or cooking. For example, would you know the difference between normal diareah and induced diareah?
Yes, you are able to decide what is not normal by comparing your diareah with previous experiences. It may start and disappear very sudden, may cause other effects like water bubbles leaving your anus, etc. Also, the diareah may be linked to a certain event, like picking up your child, appearance in court, etc. Always ask yourself what it is you are feeling, did you feel this before? Does it go away when you turn your body degrees? Does it go away when you walk in the streets or drive your car?
You are the best judge of what you are feeling. When you are a target you will experience harassment everywhere every time. They may also harass the target covert and use the following beams: Sleep beam, to make the driver very sleepy Eye beam, slowly cooking they eyes, so tears come out and visibility reduces.
Just to confirm, all this is done to cause the mental or physical death of the target. Most of the electronic harassment comes from close neighbor houses. When you walk in the the streets you are probably attacked by electronic weapons directed energy weapons from houses they may be remote controlled or controlled by operator at these locations. You may also be hit from airplanes.
This is not difficult to believe if you accept a reach several hundreds of meters. Some targets write about satellites being the source of their electronic harassment. In general I do not believe this is true. Example of Current State-of-Technology: You can be hit by very accurate equipment. The intensity can be such that this causes instant injury. Your calf is cooked within a split second and your muscles almost instantly tear apart. Electronic harassment can also be done from small devices carried in e.
You need only a small battery to give the target a single burst that makes him burp or fart. This is enough to depress the target: Satellites probably play a big role in exchanging information about a target, e.
The aim of the attackers is to drive the target insane. To speed up things they aim their electronic weapons covertly at family, friends, co-workers, etc. Some easy methods used to covertly attack other persons: Scratch beam, to make a person scratch his head Sneeze beam, to make a person sneeze Cough beam, to make a person cough Urge to urinate beam, to make a person go to the toilet.
Once again illegal and beyond imagination horrible crimes by our national secret services. Elite and Secret Services Control our Politicians. It is not amazing that these weapons exist, I studied computer science myself, if you have enough money it is not that special. It is also not amazing that there are actually sick and disgusting creatures walking around free applying this kind of electronic harassment to cause the physical or mental death of a person. What is amazing is that a lot of high ranked politicians and other influential persons are fully aware of the existence and use of these weapons but do not speak out.
What does this say about these persons? I believe you can say that the idea we live in a democracy has disappeared completely. The ones facilitating, outsourcing and performing this cruel electronic harassment and torture is not just a group of people, these attacks are very well designed and applied by people trained to cause maximum pain but leave no evidence.
The ones I am referring to are our secret services, including military. They are tightening their grip on society, not because they have to protect us against the terrorists in the world, but because they are getting more and more afraid what will happen when the truth about them is exposed. They are trapped in some sort of vicious circle. To maintain themselves they must commit more and more horrible crimes.
And to avoid their crimes are exposed they have to perform new horrible crimes, etc. So here we have the elite, creating wars to maintain themselves, and their armies, the secret services both trapped in their own lies and deceit. And the horror for us, the people of the world is that we will be taken from created threat to created war because that is the only way out for the criminal elite and criminal secret services.
People Cookers and Secret Services. I introduced the word people cookers in for the creatures facilitating, outsourcing, performing electronic harassment and electronic torture.
Main reason is of course that people cooking comes closest to what they are doing. Most of the harassment and torture is done by microwave irration which causes heating of the skin and your inside just like a microwave oven cooks meat.
They were born human, choose the wrong path in life and degenerated into pieces of shit. I believe people cooking and gang stalking organized stalking are the perfect example of how sick our national secret services have become. They now commit the perfect murder, in their language meaning murder without evidence.
And they now steal, torture and murder just because it has become so easy to steal, torture and murder. Below is the list of all most effects I experienced from these horrible electronic weapons.
Few times I may not correctly describe the source of the effects. It is sometimes difficult to point to microwave or ultrasound. Both can be very damaging. High Power Microwave cooks your body cells while high power ultrasound simply destroys your body cells. But in the end the result is the same, a damaged body. How it is applied They read your subvocal speech and react to it. Feeling Unbelievable at first, then you get depressed because the last thing you thought was private appears not to be private anymore.
Then you accept that you probably are even more popular and watched then the big stars in the world and sometimes use it to deceive the bastards. How it is applied They make you hear voices that you should not hear. For example, they let you hear voices from people far away very clear as if they are standing next to you. This an amazing experience. There are a lot of reports of people who claim they are attacked by voices.
How it is applied They put the beam on your head and wait for you to move. Feeling Can be very painfull if applied with enough intensity. You cannot do much with this beam on your head.
After effects If applied with high intensity it may take several days for the painful feeling to disappear. Why it is applied Prevent you from working, doing your thing. Should you worry Yes, long term irradition may cause brain damage, tumors. How it is applied Mostly applied when other people can see you.
If they do this everytime with the same people they may wonder whats wrong with you. They also apply this and have random people scratch their heads and then burn you. Feeling Not very painfull, mostly a short pulse, although they may keep the beam on your head and remove it after you start scratchin your head.
Why it is applied Drive you out of your mind, drive you into attacking other people. How it is applied They may apply this when you drink your first glass of beer, wine, etc.
Feeling It appears your eardrum and surrounding area is very sensitive. This is very painful. How it is applied Some kind of miocrowave burst, see also Phasr and other similar military weapons used to blind the enemy.
Feeling Not really painfull but you cannot do much as you are used to two eyes. Should you worry Yes, this is very damaging for your eyes. Feeling Like they drive a needle into your eye.
How it is applied This is just a laser hair removal procedure, like performed in many beauty parlors. How it is applied You can turn your head in the other direction or hold your hand before your nose to make sure the attack is caused by electronic weapons. Why it is applied To make your body react to something. How it is applied I am not sure if this is done only by electronic weapon or by a combination of some drug and electronic weapon.
Why it is applied Prevent you from doing anything, just plain torture. How it is applied They can do this in just one or two hours by aiming a high power beam at your throat. Why it is applied Prevent you from speaking loud, prevent you to sing. How it is applied This beam can be applied everywhere, form the house next to yours, from cars. When they beam you outside the intensity often is higher as they want to make sure are hit properly.
Feeling You feel like being microwaved. Very painfull, horrible torture. Feeling You feel like being cooked alive, horrible torture. How it is applied It takes approx.
They also may apply low intensity, so you get an irresistable urge to burp but cannot. Why it is applied To make you suffer. This applied sometimes once every five minutes, but sometimes also several times a minute to let your body react to events like cars passing your window, etc. How it is applied As they may apply the from behaind beam for a long period your flesh around the heart area may get cooked and the whole area may feel painfiul and stiff.
Feeling This really gives you the feeling of having a heart problem, and in fact you have! The difference is that this one is applied by murderers.
After effects It may take several days before you recover if they stop the beam. How it is applied They can do this through wall anytime. After effects It may take several days before your body recovers and it all feels normal again. How it is applied Not only frightening but also very painful. How it is applied This almost instant skin cooking. Why it is applied Present pain. To move you out of the way, to make you leave the swimming pool, etc. How it is applied They often do this during high intensity sport activities.
The idea is to make you belive you have real spleen pain and will stop your exercise. How it is applied They often do this at night. Should you worry Yes, long term irradition may cause stomach cancer, tumors. Feeling This pain makes you crawl on the floor. After effects It takes at least one hour before the horrible cramps get a litle less painful. How to detect With normal cramps you will have other parts of your body react as well, like heavy sweating.
In this case there is just intense pain. Why it is applied Keep you out of important events, e. A lawsuit where you havve to defend yourself. How it is applied After a few days your knee hurts a lot when walking. They may apply this also when biking to make you think something is wrong with your knee. How it is applied What happens when you increase load on cooked muscles?
Why it is applied Prevent you from running, other sports. Why it is applied Prevent you from runningm, other sports. After effects May take several days to disappear when applied with high intensities. Feeling Extremely painful, horrible torture. How it is applied They may do this while riding your bike, horrible torture.
How it is applied They may also do this by devices built into your car. How it is applied They may do this when you are with a friend. How it is applied Some people in your environment might tell you they have wild dreams that night trying to get you talking about your experience. Additional Links Secret service: To all Politicians of the world. The only way to save the world is to stop your national secret services. Breaking laws and violating human rights in horrible ways has become a way of life.
They are responsible for most problems in your neighborhood, in your city, in your country, in the world. Make them responsible for what they are doing. Let them account for in detail, force them to open up their organizations for thorough investigations. Stop their funding if they do not co-operate. Replace directors and staff immediately by normal people for starters.
Please help to spread the message or donate: The Clinton Chronicles October 10 From: JeremiahFilms The Clinton Chronicles: Back in '94 these criminal psychopaths were just getting warmed up, as history now attests Many people involved in the research and investigations reported by this film have been murdered or died under questionable circumstances.
From millions in drug smuggling in Mena, Arkansas. From Gennifer Flowers to Paula Jones. Part One Part Two. The release comes the same day the State Department published emails previously deleted from Clinton's private server. WikiLeaks to release all US election docs by November 8. Podesta served during Bill Clinton administration. Wikileaks warned on its 10th anniversary it would be releasing more emails.
Those same critics, however, failed to put their money where their mouth is, especially when it comes to helping the Duterte government rehabilitate close to a million drug surrendered. Duterte wants to liberate Philippines from U. Other sordid crimes relating to meth addiction were also brought to light including cannibalism, and in the realm of politics, it has sent a former justice secretary to the present senate, on top of congressmen and mayors who are already funded with drug money for years.
According to Alfred W. The Corsicans gained political influence and control over the docks - ideal conditions for cementing a long-term partnership with mafia drug distributors, which turned Marseille into the postwar heroin capital of the Western world. A laboratory built at CIA headquarters in northern Laos was used to refine heroin.
Ironically drug trafficking through Panama increased after the US invasion. The San Jose Mercury News series documents just one thread of the interwoven operations linking the CIA, the contras and the cocaine cartels. Obsessed with overthrowing the leftist Sandinista government in Nicaragua, Reagan administration officials tolerated drug trafficking as long as the traffickers gave support to the contras. In , the Senate Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics, and International Operations the Kerry committee concluded a three-year investigation by stating:.
Many had long been involved with the CIA and drug trafficking They used contra planes and a Costa Rican-based shrimp company, which laundered money for the CIA, to move cocaine to the U. Costa Rica was not the only route. Guatemala, whose military intelligence service - closely associated with the CIA - harbored many drug traffickers, according to the DEA, was another way station along the cocaine highway.
The contras provided both protection and infrastructure planes, pilots, airstrips, warehouses, front companies and banks to these ClA-linked drug networks. At least four transport companies under investigation for drug trafficking received US govemment contracts to carry non-lethal supplies to the contras. ClA-supported Moujahedeen rebels engaged heavily in drug trafficking while fighting against the Soviet-supported govemment and its plans to reform the very backward Afghan society.
CIA supplied trucks and mules, which had carried arms into Afghanistan, were used to transport opium to laboratories along the Afghan Pakistan border. The output provided up to one half of the heroin used annually in the United States and three-quarters of that used in Western Europe.
US officials admitted in that they had failed to investigate or take action against the drug operabon because of a desire not to offend their Pakistani and Afghan allies. SIN was purportedly created to fight the cocaine trade, though SIN officers themselves engaged in the trafficking, a trade aided and abetted by some of the Haitian military and political leaders.
Restore the Drug Trade. There is reason to believe that this figure of 3, tons is grossly underestimated. While bad weather and damaged crops may have played a role as suggested by the UNODC, based on historical trends, the potential production for an area of cultivation of , hectares, should be well in excess of tons. With 80, hectares in cultivation in , production was already of the order of tons.
There is no evidence that a large percentage of opium production is no longer processed into heroin as claimed by the UN. This revised UNODC methodology has served, — through the outright manipulation of statistical concepts — to artificially reduce the size of of the global trade in heroin. What the UNODC, — whose mandate is to support the prevention of organized criminal activity — has done is to obfuscate the size and criminal nature of the Afghan drug trade, intimating — without evidence — that a large part of the opium is no longer channeled towards the illegal heroin marke.
The price per gram of pure heroin is substantially higher. The profits are largely reaped at the level of the international wholesale and retail markets of heroin as well as in the process of money laundering in Western banking institutions. The revenues derived from the global trade in heroin constitute a multibillion dollar bonanza for financial institutions and organized crime.
The following article first published in May provides a background on the history of the Afghan opium trade which continues to this date to be protected by US-NATO occupation forces on behalf of powerful financial interests. The Spoils of War: In the words of the US State Department:. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime UNODC , opium production in Afghanistan in is estimated at 3, tons, with an estimated area under cultivation of the order of 80, hectares.
An even larger bumper harvest is predicted for The State Department suggests that up to hectares were under cultivation in Congressional Hearing, op cit:. Opium production declined by more than 90 per cent in In fact the surge in opium cultivation production coincided with the onslaught of the US-led military operation and the downfall of the Taliban regime. From October through December , farmers started to replant poppy on an extensive basis.
Any decrease in illicit cultivation is welcomed, especially in cases like this when no displacement, locally or in other countries, took place to weaken the achievement.
In the wake of the US invasion, shift in rhetoric. UNODC is now acting as if the opium ban had never happened:. In the wake of the US bombing of Afghanistan, the British government of Tony Blair was entrusted by the G-8 Group of leading industrial nations to carry out a drug eradication program, which would, in theory, allow Afghan farmers to switch out of poppy cultivation into alternative crops.
The UK sponsored crop eradication program is an obvious smokescreen. Since October , opium poppy cultivation has skyrocketed. The presence of occupation forces in Afghanistan did not result in the eradication of poppy cultivation. Heroin is a multibillion dollar business supported by powerful interests, which requires a steady and secure commodity flow. Immediately following the October invasion, opium markets were restored. In , under the Taliban opiate production stood at tons, increasing to tons in under the US sponsored puppet regime of President Hamid Karzai.
According to the Saudi newspaper Al-Watan:. Prior to the Soviet-Afghan war , opium production in Afghanistan and Pakistan was directed to small regional markets. There was no local production of heroin. Alfred McCoy, Drug Fallout: The Progressive, 1 August CIA assets again controlled this heroin trade. As the Mujahideen guerrillas seized territory inside Afghanistan, they ordered peasants to plant opium as a revolutionary tax.
Across the border in Pakistan, Afghan leaders and local syndicates under the protection of Pakistan Intelligence operated hundreds of heroin laboratories.
During this decade of wide-open drug-dealing, the U. Drug Enforcement Agency in Islamabad failed to instigate major seizures or arrests.
Needless to say, the historical roots of the opium trade have been grossly distorted. In the wake of the Soviet-Afghan war, the growth of the narcotics economy has continued unabated. The Taliban, which were supported by the US, were initially instrumental in the further growth of opiate production until the opium ban. Second to Oil and the Arms Trade. The revenues generated from the CIA sponsored Afghan drug trade are sizeable.
At the time these UN figures were first brought out , the estimated global trade in drugs was of the same order of magnitude as the global trade in oil. The IMF estimated global money laundering to be between billion and 1. Asian Banker, 15 August A large share of global money laundering as estimated by the IMF is linked to the trade in narcotics. Based on recent figures , drug trafficking constitutes:.