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Endocrine System Disorders NCLEX Practice Quiz (50 Questions)
Where removal of the spleen is likely, patients are given 3 vaccinations prior to surgery for increased protection against infection. Related to bone demineralization resulting in pathologic fractures. At least once a week B. Often the risk of malignant behavior uncontrolled growth or spread to other organs is unpredictable and will require removal of the tumor, regardless of its size. Endocrine glands Medical Encyclopedia Also in Spanish.

Medical Terminology for Cancer

Endocrine Diseases

As discussed earlier, Brazil nuts contain very high amounts of selenium 68—91 mcg per nut and could cause selenium toxicity if consumed regularly. Acute selenium toxicity has resulted from the ingestion of misformulated over-the-counter products containing very large amounts of selenium [ 2 , 5 ].

In , for example, people experienced severe adverse reactions from taking a liquid dietary supplement containing times the labeled amount [ 65 ]. Acute selenium toxicity can cause severe gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms, acute respiratory distress syndrome, myocardial infarction, hair loss, muscle tenderness, tremors, lightheadedness, facial flushing, kidney failure, cardiac failure, and, in rare cases, death [ 2 , 6 ].

The FNB has established ULs for selenium from food and supplements based on the amounts of selenium that are associated with hair and nail brittleness and loss see Table 3 [ 6 ]. Selenium can interact with certain medications, and some medications can have an adverse effect on selenium levels.

One example is provided below. Individuals taking this and other medications on a regular basis should discuss their selenium status with their healthcare providers. Cisplatin, an inorganic platinum chemotherapy agent, is used to treat ovarian, bladder, lung, and other cancers. Cisplatin can reduce selenium levels in hair and serum but whether these reductions have a clinically significant impact is not known [ 66 , 67 ].

The federal government's Dietary Guidelines for Americans notes that "Nutritional needs should be met primarily from foods. Foods in nutrient-dense forms contain essential vitamins and minerals and also dietary fiber and other naturally occurring substances that may have positive health effects.

In some cases, fortified foods and dietary supplements may be useful in providing one or more nutrients that otherwise may be consumed in less-than-recommended amounts.

For more information about building a healthy diet, refer to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the U. Department of Agriculture's MyPlate. This fact sheet by the Office of Dietary Supplements ODS provides information that should not take the place of medical advice.

We encourage you to talk to your healthcare providers doctor, registered dietitian, pharmacist, etc. Any mention in this publication of a specific product or service, or recommendation from an organization or professional society, does not represent an endorsement by ODS of that product, service, or expert advice.

March 2, History of changes to this fact sheet. Strengthening Knowledge and Understanding of Dietary Supplements. Selenium Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. Bowman B, Russell R, eds. Present Knowledge in Nutrition. International Life Sciences Institute; Selenium supplementation and cancer prevention. Curr Nutr Rep ;1: Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements. London and New York: Estimation of antioxidant intakes from diet and supplements in U.

Food-chain selenium and human health: Br J Nutr ; Selenium and human health. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service.

Am J Clin Nutr. Preparation, homogeneity and stability studies of a candidate LRM for Se speciation. Effects of chemical form of selenium on plasma biomarkers in a high-dose human supplementation trial.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; Dietary supplement use in the United States, Serum selenium and serum lipids in US adults: Distribution of toenail selenium levels in young adult Caucasians and African Americans in the United States: Serum selenium levels in the US population: Biol Trace Elem Res ; Sex, age, geographical location, smoking, and alcohol consumption influence serum selenium concentrations in the USA: J Trace Elem Med Biol ; Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; Sodium selenite for treatment of Kashin-Beck disease in children: Vitamin and Mineral Requirements in Human Nutrition.

Trace elements in hemodialysis patients: Role of selenium in HIV infection. High risk of HIV-related mortality is associated with selenium deficiency. Curr HIV Res ;5: Mortality risk in selenium-deficient HIV-positive children.

Selenium levels in relation to morbidity and mortality among children born to HIV-infected mothers. Eur J Clin Nutr ; Selenium status, pregnancy outcomes, and mother-to-child transmission of HIV J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; Impact of a selenium chemoprevention clinical trial on hospital admissions of HIV-infected participants.

HIV Clin Trials ;3: Suppression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 viral load with selenium supplementation: Arch Intern Med ; Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of selenium supplements among HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania: Am J Clin Nutr ; Effect of selenium supplements on hemoglobin concentration and morbidity among HIVinfected Tanzanian women. Clin Infect Dis ; Plasma selenium concentration and prostate cancer risk: Pharmacol Ther ; Selenium for preventing cancer.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev Are men with low selenium levels at increased risk of prostate cancer? Eur J Cancer ; Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; Selenium supplementation, baseline plasma selenium status and incidence of prostate cancer: Basically, if the article wasn't written by the person whose site it's on, I've noted the site and author. Paul's site is loaded with many more articles, and worth scouring. Info housed on Henriette's Herbal with multiple authors is noted by an " HH ".

I've often tried to include the names of multiple authors, but haven't always done so, when there are lots and it makes me run over one line Since I started this thing, the number of herb sites has really escalated, especially blogs.

I find it hard to keep up with the good information available and, honestly, typing in links is really quite a drag to do and I have to be in a state of mind to get myself to slog through it , but if you ever come across something that you think is really rather insightful which means not things like, "valerian is good for insomnia!

Also, though I'm personally less interested in evidenced based information studies and research on herbs than I am on actual use by herbalists, I do value it greatly. You can jump to a heading by clicking on what you're looking for A new way to enjoy your herbal infusions darcey blue. Formulas Building a Formula: Removing the Obstacles to Cure shane foley Harmony Remedies: It supports healthy bones, nerves, heart and muscles.

Crystal Energy, 4 ounces Retail: Crystal Energy surrounds toxins with tiny silica spheres, making them harmless and easily removable. Water treated with Crystal Energy hydrates body cells six times faster than regular water, resulting in 96 times more detoxification.

MSM Methylsulfonylmehtane is an organic sulfur that promotes joint flexibility. It provides four important building blocks for healthy joints and connective tissues: Wellness Formula Capsule Our Price:

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