Arnold Schwarzenegger

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It's best to slowly increase the amount of fiber you consume so your body can get used to it. How Much is at Stake in Divorce? De Niro launches scathing attack on Trump". There are foods that can help prevent constipation and also provide relief, for example, kiwi, prunes, beans your choice of type! Schwarzenegger saved a drowning man's life in while on vacation in Hawaii by swimming out and bringing him back to shore. The traditional day system includes dairy, which can be a problem for lactose intolerant people or vegans. The Atkins diet states you will lose "only body fat" by eating regular meals, taking in adequate calories, and keeping your insulin levels down.

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When this ratio is achieved, the body is working within the "zone. The Zone diet promotes eating a balance of each nutrient, without severely restricting calories.

Protein increases your feeling of fullness, helping you to avoid eating between meals, and there is a guide to what kind of fat you can consume. Healthy fats are encouraged in place of the saturated and trans fats. The calorie restriction will help you lose weight. The claims made about the health implications of carbohydrates and protein are controversial.

As with other fad diets, one nutrient is being made to look like the enemy carbohydrates , while protein is made to look like the key to weight loss and health. Most diets that are against carbohydrates use the arguments that we consume less fat and more carbohydrates than we did 10 years ago, and obesity is on the rise. This is half true. We consume more carbohydrates, which means we consume more calories. Our fat intake remains above the recommendations, but the percent of our total calories from fat has come down because we are now consuming more calories.

Again, research clearly shows that a balance of each of these nutrients is needed and that an excess or deficiency in any of them will cause problems. This diet can be difficult to stick with long-term, so weight regain can be an issue. The South Beach Diet. The South Beach diet is the newest high-protein, low carbohydrate, and fat-controlled diet.

This diet claims that the cause for obesity "is simple: The faster the sugars and the starches you eat are processed and absorbed into your bloodstream, the fatter you get.

The first phase claims to eliminate cravings and kick-start weight loss; the second phase is for long-term, steady weight loss; and the third phase is to be followed for days a year once you have achieved your weight loss goal. The second and third phases of this diet promote a balanced diet that can be beneficial to your health and weight. These phases promote consistent meal times, healthy snacks and desserts, and water. The meal plans and recipes can be useful for those who need some guidance on what to eat.

There are now six other books and an interactive web site supporting this plan. The theory behind the diet is not the reason you will lose weight if you follow this plan. Weight loss can only occur when you consume fewer calories than your body needs. In the introduction chapter the author makes numerous claims that you do not need to limit the quantity of food that you consume and then provides portion restrictions on many high calorie foods, such as nuts.

It's appealing to hear you can eat unlimited quantities, but weight loss will not be achieved without limitations. The initial phase of this diet should be avoided. This two-week phase claims to produce a weight loss of eight to 13 pounds with severe dietary restrictions; including fruit, dairy, and starches. Phases like this are usually included so people see quick results, but are limited in time because they are not nutritionally balanced and can't be followed for a long period.

It tends to be more discouraging than motivating to lose quickly and to feel like you are "on a diet. It's best to begin slowly and to always consume a nutritionally balanced diet. Eat more, weigh less: Eat More, Weigh Less is one of the few diets developed as a result of research.

The primary goal of this diet was to reverse heart disease. The basis for this diet is to consume a high-fiber, low-fat, vegetarian diet with limited amounts of dairy foods. The goal is to consume primarily complex carbohydrates vegetables, fruit, and whole grains , low total fat primarily from omega-3 fatty acids and limited in saturated fat, and low sugar.

Physical activity and stress management are also emphasized. The research does support the health benefits of this diet, and you will lose weight if you stick with the plan. The web site provides recipes and detailed information on nutrition , exercise, and stress management.

The primary con to this diet is that it can be extremely limited and difficult for some people to follow. This limitation is because meat is omitted from the plan. Cutting out an entire food group may be too much of a restriction to maintain over the long-term, so some people do best by modifying this diet to allow for a moderate amount of meat.

The high fiber intake may also pose a problem initially. It's best to slowly increase the amount of fiber you consume so your body can get used to it. The goal is always long-term weight loss and maintenance. This diet does have the research to support it, but it may need modifications to make it work for you.

Jenny Craig has become best-known for the celebrities who are followed while losing weight on this diet. They explain how easy it is and how delicious the food is, and you see the results as they are happening. This diet provides you with your foods and snacks to ensure you consume the exact amount of calories your body needs to lose weight.

You add fresh produce and dairy. You meet with a consultant on a weekly basis to discuss your progress, and who will assist you with transitioning to your own food when you are ready to do so. Physical activity is emphasized throughout the diet. The primary advantage to this diet is that you will lose weight if you eat what you are given. Portion-and-calorie-controlled meals are great tools for long-term weight loss and maintenance. They take away the guesswork of how many calories you consume, they can be nutritionally balanced, they are quick and easy to prepare, and they teach you about healthy portion sizes.

As with all diets, nothing works for everyone, and nothing works forever. The celebrity endorsements are great when they work, but the celebrities who regain their weight once they discontinue this plan are proving that this is not the answer for everyone. Many people prefer to be able to eat food they prepare and do not like the idea of prepackaged foods.

The consultants are not professionals in this field. They undergo a training course but are not trained therapists, registered dietitians, or exercise physiologists, so the advice and support that you receive will be limited to what they have been taught to say. If you are taking any medications or have any health conditions, it is best to work with trained professionals.

The NutriSystem Advanced diet is a low glycemic index , high-fiber, and high-protein diet. The prepackaged food is provided for you by ordering online or by calling the toll free number. This diet does address the three necessary components for successful weight loss and maintenance; diet, physical activity, and behavior.

Prepackaged foods can be an effective tool for weight loss. You will be provided with the appropriate number of calories for weight loss without having to worry about counting anything. This will give you the opportunity to learn what appropriate portion sizes are and which foods are necessary for a well-balanced diet based on your specific needs.

The variety of programs based on gender, age, health, and dietary preference is another positive component of this diet. The Mindset Makeover was developed by one of the leading psychologists in the weight loss field, Gary Foster, Ph.

It is designed to "help people learn new behaviors when it comes to weight loss and related lifestyle issues. You are given access to this and an online account with community support as part of each of the programs.

Prepackaged foods are not for everyone and typically not something to use forever. They can be very limiting and create the sense of being "on a diet.

Most people find that they only want to use this type of a diet for the short-term or for one or two meals per day.

The other negative aspect of this diet is that the prepackaged foods contain the artificial sweeteners Sucaralose and Acesulfame K. The dietary focus on this diet also has some limitations. The idea of "good carbs" and "bad carbs" is controversial. While there is some truth to the role of glycemic index in hunger, it is not a guaranteed tool for weight management.

Labeling foods as "good" and "bad" creates problems for people trying to develop healthy eating habits. A well-balanced diet requires whole wheat sources of starch, while allowing for some sugar. Weight Watchers has been around for many years. There have been changes to the program, but weekly meetings have remained a part of the plan.

The two diet options that are currently available are the Flex Plan and the Core Plan. The Core Plan is based on the science of energy density. Energy density refers to the amount of calories in a given weight of food. Foods that are considered low energy dense foods have a small amount of calories for a large volume of food for example, vegetable soups, vegetables, and fruit.

High energy dense foods provide a lot of calories for a small amount of food for example, oils, butter, cream sauce. The Core Plan provides a "balanced diet by centering on a list of healthy foods that keep you full longer. The support and information provided online and in-person sets Weight Watchers apart from most diets out there. There are numerous meetings across the country to choose from. For many people, having a place to weigh-in each week is a key to success. The focus on a balanced diet, exercise, and behavior changes is another advantage to this diet.

The goal is to educate people on all three components and assist with both weight loss and maintenance. The two plans give people an option to find what works best for their own success. Many people have a "been there, done that" attitude when it comes to Weight Watchers. They have tried it, may have had some success, may have even gone back a couple of times, but end up feeling that it can't help them any longer.

The group leaders at the meetings are not trained experts; they are former members who have had success with Weight Watchers. When someone is not having success the options for what to do can be greatly limited by the lack of experience and knowledge of the leader. There is a strong emphasis on weighing in each week.

Many people have a difficult time attending a meeting when they are not having success. However, most people will not lose weight every single week, so expecting to do so is a recipe for failure. The time when people need the support the most is when they are not losing, but most meetings are not set to address this. While there are two diet options, this still may not be enough for everyone.

If counting points and following a low-energy dense diet do not work for you, there is no other option left. The best weight loss diet is one that fits your lifestyle and needs, and you can't always get that with this plan.

I also agree to receive emails from MedicineNet and I understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet subscriptions at any time. Lose Weight, and Keep It Off. It is indisputable that as a country we are more overweight and obese than we have ever been. As a result, the diet industry has grown along with us. Some diets genuinely try to help people lose weight and keep it off, while others look to make money by saying whatever it takes to get people to believe their claims.

You need to be an educated consumer when it comes to weight loss. It's not enough to see that a doctor is the author of a book. You need to digest what is being said, and look for the facts supporting the claims. It takes modifications in behavior, diet, and activity to succeed at weight loss. It also takes time, patience, commitment, and lots of hard work. There will never be one diet that is the "cure" for everyone. If you are having difficulties with weight loss, seek helf from your physician.

Dieting is a complex issue and ongoing professional support may be needed for success. It is possible to lose weight and keep it off, so never give up hope. Instead, find what works best for you right now, and be open to change as you go along. Learn to lose weight the smart way, as experts give their best advice for healthy weight loss by eating right, sleeping more, understanding portion sizes.

A type 2 diabetes diet or a type 2 diabetic diet is important for blood sugar glucose control in people with diabetes to prevent complications of diabetes. There are a variety of type 2 diabetes diet eating plans such as the Mediterranean diet, Paleo diet, ADA Diabetes Diet, and vegetarian diets.

Learn about low and high glycemic index foods, what foods to eat, and what foods to avoid if you have type 2 diabetes. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli loud noises , and oversleeping.

Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods. Staph Infection Staphylococcus or staph is a group of bacteria that can cause a multitude of diseases.

Staph infections can cause illness directly by infection or indirectly by the toxins they produce. Symptoms and signs of a staph infection include redness, swelling, pain, and drainage of pus. Minor skin infections are treated with an antibiotic ointment, while more serious infections are treated with intravenous antibiotics.

Constipation is a common problem, and almost everyone has been constipated at one time or another. There are foods that can help prevent constipation and also provide relief, for example, kiwi, prunes, beans your choice of type!

Check out these top 15 foods to avoid because they cause constipation. Some foods to avoid include, white rice and breads, caffeine, bananas, alcohol, processed foods, and frozen dinners. Weight Gain Shockers Slideshow Pictures.

Take the Quiz on Belly Fat. Medically reviewed by Joseph Palermo, D. Related Article Top Diets: The Best Dieting Tips Ever for Weight Loss Learn to lose weight the smart way, as experts give their best advice for healthy weight loss by eating right, sleeping more, understanding portion sizes. Low iron or underlying disease, like cancer, may be to blame.

Treatment can resolve anemia. Physical therapy can help a patient with arthritis to work out stiffness without damaging their joints. He was voted best-built man of Europe, which made him famous. Universe title was my ticket to America—the land of opportunity, where I could become a star and get rich. Universe competition in London. Universe competition, not having the muscle definition of American winner Chester Yorton.

Charles "Wag" Bennett, one of the judges at the competition, was impressed with Schwarzenegger and he offered to coach him. As Schwarzenegger had little money, Bennett invited him to stay in his crowded family home above one of his two gyms in Forest Gate, London.

Yorton's leg definition had been judged superior, and Schwarzenegger, under a training program devised by Bennett, concentrated on improving the muscle definition and power in his legs. Staying in the East End of London helped Schwarzenegger improve his rudimentary grasp of the English language.

When you're the age I was then, you're always looking for approval, for love, for attention and also for guidance. At the time, I wasn't really aware of that. But now, looking back, I see that the Bennett family fulfilled all those needs. Especially my need to be the best in the world. To be recognized and to feel unique and special.

They saw that I needed that care and attention and love. Also in , while at Bennett's home, Schwarzenegger had the opportunity to meet childhood idol Reg Park , who became his friend and mentor. Universe at the age of Field , his English coach and friend in Munich at that time, "I'm going to become the greatest actor!

Schwarzenegger, who dreamed of moving to the U. From to , one of Schwarzenegger's weight training partners was Ric Drasin , a professional wrestler who designed the original Gold's Gym logo in In , at age 23, he captured his first Mr.

Olympia title in New York, and would go on to win the title a total of seven times. The Education of a Bodybuilder became a huge success. He got his American citizenship in Schwarzenegger said that during this time he encountered a friend who told him he was teaching Transcendental Meditation TM , which prompted Schwarzenegger to reveal he had been struggling with anxiety for the first time in his life: Schwarzenegger is considered among the most important figures in the history of bodybuilding, and his legacy is commemorated in the Arnold Classic annual bodybuilding competition.

He has remained a prominent face in bodybuilding long after his retirement, in part because of his ownership of gyms and fitness magazines. He has presided over numerous contests and awards shows. Shortly after being elected governor, he was appointed the executive editor of both magazines, in a largely symbolic capacity. One of the first competitions he won was the Junior Mr. Europe contest in Europe the following year, at age His bodybuilding victories included five Mr. Olympia wins, a record which would stand until Lee Haney won his eighth consecutive Mr.

Olympia title in Schwarzenegger continues to work out. When asked about his personal training during the Arnold Classic he said that he was still working out a half an hour with weights every day. During Schwarzenegger's early years in bodybuilding, he also competed in several Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting contests. Schwarzenegger won two weightlifting contests in and , as well as two powerlifting contests in and Schwarzenegger's goal was to become the greatest bodybuilder in the world, which meant becoming Mr.

However, Schwarzenegger came back in and won the competition, making him the youngest ever Mr. Olympia at the age of 23, a record he still holds to this day. He continued his winning streak in the —74 competitions. After the Mr. Olympia contest, Schwarzenegger announced his retirement from professional bodybuilding.

Months before the Mr. Olympia contest, filmmakers George Butler and Robert Fiore persuaded Schwarzenegger to compete, in order to film his training in the bodybuilding documentary called Pumping Iron. Schwarzenegger had only three months to prepare for the competition, after losing significant weight to appear in the film Stay Hungry with Jeff Bridges. Lou Ferrigno proved not to be a threat, and a lighter-than-usual Schwarzenegger convincingly won the Mr.

Schwarzenegger came out of retirement, however, to compete in the Mr. Olympia contest one last time. He kept this plan a secret in the event that a training accident would prevent his entry and cause him to lose face. Schwarzenegger had been hired to provide color commentary for network television when he announced at the eleventh hour that, while he was there, "Why not compete? Having being declared Mr. Olympia for a seventh time, Schwarzenegger then officially retired from competition.

Schwarzenegger has admitted to using performance-enhancing anabolic steroids while they were legal, writing in that "steroids were helpful to me in maintaining muscle size while on a strict diet in preparation for a contest. I did not use them for muscle growth, but rather for muscle maintenance when cutting up. In , Schwarzenegger sued Dr. Willi Heepe, a German doctor who publicly predicted his early death on the basis of a link between his steroid use and his later heart problems.

Schwarzenegger wanted to move from bodybuilding into acting, finally achieving it when he was chosen to play the role of Hercules in 's Hercules in New York. Credited under the stage name "Arnold Strong", his accent in the film was so thick that his lines were dubbed after production. Schwarzenegger has discussed his early struggles in developing his acting career: You name it, and they told me I had to change it. Basically, everywhere I turned, I was told that I had no chance.

Schwarzenegger drew attention and boosted his profile in the bodybuilding film Pumping Iron , [4] [5] elements of which were dramatized; in , he purchased the rights to the film, its outtakes, and associated still photography.

Schwarzenegger auditioned for the title role of The Incredible Hulk , but did not win the role because of his height. Later, Lou Ferrigno got the part of Dr. David Banner's alter ego. In , he starred in a biographical film of the s actress Jayne Mansfield as Mansfield's husband, Mickey Hargitay. Schwarzenegger's breakthrough film was the sword-and-sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian in , which was a box-office hit.

In , he made his first appearance as the eponymous character, and what some would say was his acting career's signature role, in James Cameron 's science fiction thriller film The Terminator. During the s, audiences had an appetite for action films, with both Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone becoming international stars.

Twins , a comedy with Danny DeVito , also proved successful. A science fiction script, the film was based on the Philip K. Kindergarten Cop reunited him with director Ivan Reitman , who directed him in Twins.

Schwarzenegger had a brief foray into directing, first with a episode of the TV series Tales from the Crypt , entitled " The Switch ", [50] and then with the telemovie Christmas in Connecticut. Schwarzenegger's commercial peak was his return as the title character in 's Terminator 2: Judgment Day , which was the highest-grossing film of His next film, the comedy drama True Lies , was a popular spy film and saw Schwarzenegger reunited with James Cameron.

That same year, the comedy Junior was released, the last of Schwarzenegger's three collaborations with Ivan Reitman and again co-starring Danny DeVito.

This was his final film before taking time to recuperate from a back injury. He returned with the supernatural thriller End of Days , later followed by the action films The 6th Day and Collateral Damage , both of which failed to do well at the box office.

In , he made his third appearance as the title character in Terminator 3: Schwarzenegger reportedly said he was flattered, but thought the money would be better spent on social projects and the Special Olympics. His film appearances after becoming Governor of California included a three-second cameo appearance in The Rundown , and the remake of Around the World in 80 Days.

He had been rumored to be appearing in Terminator Salvation as the original T; he denied his involvement, [54] but he ultimately did appear briefly via his image being inserted into the movie from stock footage of the first Terminator movie. In January , just weeks after leaving office in California, Schwarzenegger announced that he was reading several new scripts for future films, one of them being the World War II action drama With Wings as Eagles , written by Randall Wallace , based on a true story.

Schwarzenegger inspired the character and co-developed it with Stan Lee , who would have produced the series. Schwarzenegger would have voiced the Governator. On May 20, , Schwarzenegger's entertainment counsel announced that all movie projects currently in development were being halted: He starred in Sabotage , released in March , and appeared in The Expendables 3 , released in August He starred in the fifth Terminator movie Terminator Genisys in [67] and would reprise his role as Conan the Barbarian in The Legend of Conan , [68] [69] later renamed Conan the Conqueror.

The story of the film was supposed to be set 30 years after the first, with some inspiration from Clint Eastwood 's Unforgiven. In August , his filming of action-comedy Why We're Killing Gunther was temporarily interrupted by bank robbers near filming location in Surrey, British Columbia. On February 6, , Amazon Studios announced they were working with Schwarzenegger to develop a new series entitled Outrider in which he will star and executive produce.

The western-drama set in the Oklahoma Indian Territory in the late s will follow a deputy portrayed by Schwarzenegger who is tasked with apprehending a legendary outlaw in the wilderness but is forced to partner with a ruthless Federal Marshal to make sure justice is properly served. The series will also mark as Schwarzenegger's first major scripted TV role.

Schwarzenegger will return in a Terminator movie on July 26, It is another cooperation with Cameron, who directed him previously in Terminator, Terminator 2 and True Lies. The film is planned as a direct sequel to Terminator 2 and disregards the storyline established with Terminator 3, Terminator Salvation and Terminator Genisys. In the show, he used the phrases "you're terminated" and "get to the choppa," which are quotes from some of his famous roles The Terminator and Predator , respectively , when firing the contestants.

In March , following repeated criticisms from Trump, Schwarzenegger announced that he would not return for another season on the show. Schwarzenegger has been a registered Republican for many years. When he was an actor, his political views were always well known as they contrasted with those of many other prominent Hollywood stars, who are generally considered to be a liberal and Democratic -leaning community.

At the Republican National Convention , Schwarzenegger gave a speech and explained he was a Republican because the Democrats of the s sounded too much like Austrian socialists. I finally arrived here in What a special day it was. I remember I arrived here with empty pockets but full of dreams, full of determination, full of desire. The presidential campaign was in full swing. I remember watching the Nixon — Humphrey presidential race on TV.

A friend of mine who spoke German and English translated for me. I heard Humphrey saying things that sounded like socialism, which I had just left. But then I heard Nixon speak. He was talking about free enterprise, getting the government off your back, lowering the taxes and strengthening the military. Listening to Nixon speak sounded more like a breath of fresh air. I said to my friend, I said, "What party is he? In , Schwarzenegger appeared in " Stop the Madness ", an anti-drug music video sponsored by the Reagan administration.

He first came to wide public notice as a Republican during the presidential election , accompanying then-Vice President George H. Bush at a campaign rally. Schwarzenegger's first political appointment was as chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports , on which he served from to Bush , who dubbed him " Conan the Republican".

Between and , Schwarzenegger was a Red Cross ambassador a ceremonial role fulfilled by celebrities , recording several television and radio public service announcements to donate blood.

In an interview with Talk magazine in late , Schwarzenegger was asked if he thought of running for office. He replied, "I think about it many times. The possibility is there because I feel it inside.

Why would I go away from that and jump into something else? Arnold Schwarzenegger is a moderate Republican. Schwarzenegger announced his candidacy in the California recall election for Governor of California on the August 6, , episode of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. His candidacy immediately became national and international news, with media outlets dubbing him the "Governator" referring to The Terminator movies, see above and " The Running Man " the name of another one of his films , and calling the recall election " Total Recall " yet another movie starring Schwarzenegger.

Schwarzenegger declined to participate in several debates with other recall replacement candidates, and appeared in only one debate on September 24, On October 7, , the recall election resulted in Governor Gray Davis being removed from office with Schwarzenegger was elected Governor of California under the second question on the ballot with In total, Schwarzenegger won the election by about 1.

Under the regulations of the California Constitution , no runoff election was required. Schwarzenegger was entrenched in what he considered to be his mandate in cleaning up gridlock. Building on a catchphrase from the sketch " Hans and Franz " from Saturday Night Live which partly parodied his bodybuilding career , Schwarzenegger called the Democratic State politicians " girlie men ". Schwarzenegger's early victories included repealing an unpopular increase in the vehicle registration fee as well as preventing driver's licenses being given out to illegal immigrants, but later he began to feel the backlash when powerful state unions began to oppose his various initiatives.

Key among his reckoning with political realities was a special election he called in November , in which four ballot measures he sponsored were defeated. Schwarzenegger accepted personal responsibility for the defeats and vowed to continue to seek consensus for the people of California. Supreme Court later found the public employee unions' use of compulsory fundraising during the campaign had been illegal in Knox v.

Service Employees International Union, Local Schwarzenegger, against the advice of fellow Republican strategists, appointed a Democrat, Susan Kennedy, as his Chief of Staff. He gradually moved towards a more politically moderate position, determined to build a winning legacy with only a short time to go until the next gubernatorial election. Schwarzenegger ran for re-election against Democrat Phil Angelides , the California State Treasurer , in the elections , held on November 7, Despite a poor year nationally for the Republican party, Schwarzenegger won re-election with I would say center-left".

Some speculated that Schwarzenegger might run for the United States Senate in , as his governorship would be term-limited by that time. Such rumors turned out to be false. Wendy Leigh, who wrote an unofficial biography on Schwarzenegger, claims he plotted his political rise from an early age using the movie business and bodybuilding as the means to escape a depressing home. You get together with them and you hear about policy, about reaching out to help people. I was exposed to the idea of being a public servant and Eunice and Sargent Shriver became my heroes.

Kennedy , and mother-in-law to Schwarzenegger; Sargent Shriver is husband to Eunice and father-in-law to Schwarzenegger. Schwarzenegger cannot run for president as he is not a natural-born citizen of the United States.

Being Austrian and thus European, he was able to win the European Voice campaigner of the year award for taking action against climate change with the California Global Warming Solutions Act of and plans to introduce an emissions trading scheme with other US states and possibly with the EU. Schwarzenegger's endorsement in the Republican primary of the U.

Giuliani dropped out of the presidential race on January 30, , largely because of a poor showing in Florida, and endorsed McCain. The following day, he endorsed McCain, joking, "It's Rudy's fault! Schwarzenegger's endorsement was thought to be a boost for Senator McCain's campaign; both spoke about their concerns for the environment and economy.

In its April report, Progressive ethics watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington named Schwarzenegger one of 11 "worst governors" in the United States because of various ethics issues throughout Schwarzenegger's term as governor. Governor Schwarzenegger played a significant role in opposing Proposition 66 , a proposed amendment of the Californian Three Strikes Law , in November This amendment would have required the third felony to be either violent or serious to mandate a years-to-life sentence.

In the last week before the ballot, Schwarzenegger launched an intensive campaign [99] against Proposition They learned about it in a call from a reporter. The Santos family, along with the San Diego district attorney, sued to stop the commutation, claiming that it violated Marsy's Law.

In September , Sacramento County superior court judge Lloyd Connelly stated, "Based on the evidentiary records before this court involving this case, there was an abuse of discretion This was a distasteful commutation. It was repugnant to the bulk of the citizenry of this state. During his initial campaign for governor, allegations of sexual and personal misconduct were raised against Schwarzenegger, dubbed "Gropegate".

Three of the women claimed he had grabbed their breasts, a fourth said he placed his hand under her skirt on her buttock. A fifth woman claimed Schwarzenegger tried to take off her bathing suit in a hotel elevator, and the last said he pulled her onto his lap and asked her about a sex act. Schwarzenegger admitted that he has "behaved badly sometimes" and apologized, but also stated that "a lot of [what] you see in the stories is not true". This came after an interview in adult magazine Oui from surfaced, in which Schwarzenegger discussed attending sexual orgies and using substances such as marijuana.

Olympia in the documentary film Pumping Iron. My drug was pumping iron, trust me. British television personality Anna Richardson settled a libel lawsuit in August against Schwarzenegger, his top aide, Sean Walsh, and his publicist, Sheryl Main. Schwarzenegger became a naturalized U. His request was granted, and he retained his Austrian citizenship. Pilz argued that Schwarzenegger caused damage to Austria's reputation in the international community because Austria abolished the death penalty in Pilz based his argument on Article 33 of the Austrian Citizenship Act, which states: Schwarzenegger explained his actions by pointing out that his only duty as Governor of California with respect to the death penalty was to correct an error by the justice system by pardon or clemency if such an error had occurred.

On September 27, , Schwarzenegger signed the Global Warming Solutions Act of , creating the nation's first cap on greenhouse gas emissions. The law set new regulations on the amount of emissions utilities, refineries, and manufacturing plants are allowed to release into the atmosphere. Schwarzenegger also signed a second global warming bill that prohibits large utilities and corporations in California from making long-term contracts with suppliers who do not meet the state's greenhouse gas emission standards.

The two bills are part of a plan to reduce California's emissions by 25 percent to s levels by In , Schwarzenegger issued an executive order calling to reduce greenhouse gases to 80 percent below levels by Schwarzenegger signed another executive order on October 17, , allowing California to work with the Northeast's Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.

They plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by issuing a limited amount of carbon credits to each power plant in participating states. Any power plants that exceed emissions for the number of carbon credits will have to purchase more credits to cover the difference. The plan took effect in Schwarzenegger has adapted one of his Hummers to run on hydrogen and another to run on biofuels.

He has also installed solar panels to heat his home. In , Schwarzenegger founded the R20 Regions of Climate Action to develop a sustainable, low carbon economy.

The Equal Opportunity to Govern Amendment in was widely accredited as the "Amend for Arnold" bill, which would have removed language from the U. Constitution prohibiting his run, having been born in Austria.

In , the "Amend for Arnold" campaign was launched, featuring a website and TV advertising promotion. In October , the New York Post reported that Schwarzenegger was exploring a future run for president. The former California governor would face a constitutional hurdle; Article II, Section I, Clause V nominally prevents individuals who are not natural-born citizens of the United States from assuming the office.

He has reportedly been lobbying legislators about a possible constitutional change , or filing a legal challenge to the provision. Columbia University law professor Michael Dorf observed that Schwarzenegger's possible lawsuit could ultimately win him the right to run for the office, noting, "The law is very clear, but it's not percent clear that the courts would enforce that law rather than leave it to the political process.

Schwarzenegger has had a highly successful business career. His financial independence came from his success as a budding entrepreneur with a series of lucrative business ventures and investments. In , Schwarzenegger and fellow bodybuilder Franco Columbu started a bricklaying business. The business flourished thanks to the pair's marketing savvy and an increased demand following the San Fernando earthquake.

Schwarzenegger transferred profits from the mail-order business and his bodybuilding-competition winnings into his first real estate investment venture: He would later go on to invest in a number of real estate holding companies.

Schwarzenegger was a founding celebrity investor in the Planet Hollywood chain of international theme restaurants modeled after the Hard Rock Cafe along with Bruce Willis , Sylvester Stallone and Demi Moore. Schwarzenegger severed his financial ties with the business in early He also invested in a shopping mall in Columbus, Ohio.

He has talked about some of those who have helped him over the years in business: I even learned a thing or two from Planet Hollywood, such as when to get out!

It is a festival that hosts thousands of international health and fitness professionals which has also expanded into a three-day expo. He also owns a movie production company called Oak Productions, Inc. Schatzi literally means "little treasure," colloquial for "honey" or "darling" in German. In , he sold his restaurant. Over the years as an investor, he invested his bodybuilding and movie earnings in an array of stocks, bonds, privately controlled companies, and real estate holdings worldwide, making his net worth as an accurate estimation difficult to calculate, particularly in light of declining real estate values owing to economic recessions in the U.

He appears in a series of commercials for the Machine Zone game Mobile Strike as a military commander and spokesman. In the Shadow of the Austrian Oak. Baker claims that she only learned of his being unfaithful after they split, and talks of a turbulent and passionate love life. Their first date was watching the first Apollo Moon landing on television. He just had this huge determination to prove himself, and that was very attractive I'll go to my grave knowing Arnold loved me.

According to Moray, the couple led an open relationship: Kennedy , at the Robert F. Kennedy Tennis Tournament in August He went on to have a relationship with both Moray and Shriver until August , when Moray who knew of his relationship with Shriver issued an ultimatum.

Francis Xavier Catholic Church. All of their children were born in Los Angeles. On May 9, , Shriver and Schwarzenegger ended their relationship after 25 years of marriage, with Shriver moving out of the couple's Brentwood mansion.

In the statement, Schwarzenegger did not mention that he had confessed to his wife only after she had confronted him with the information, which she had done after confirming with the housekeeper what she had suspected about the child.

Baena is of Guatemalan origin. She was employed by the family for 20 years and retired in January It was not until the boy "started looking like [him] She filed for divorce in Pursuant to the divorce judgment, Schwarzenegger kept the Brentwood home, while Shriver purchased a new home nearby so that the children could travel between their parents' homes.

They shared custody of the two youngest children. After the scandal, Danish-Italian actress Brigitte Nielsen came forward and stated that she too had an affair with Schwarzenegger while he was in a relationship with Shriver, [] saying, "Maybe I wouldn't have got into it if he said 'I'm going to marry Maria' and this is deadly serious, but he didn't, and our affair carried on.

As of July , Schwarzenegger was dating physical therapist Heather Milligan, 27 years his junior. Schwarzenegger was born with a bicuspid aortic valve , an aortic valve with only two leaflets a normal aortic valve has three leaflets. Schwarzenegger apparently opted against a mechanical valve, the only permanent solution available at the time of his surgery, because it would have sharply limited his physical activity and capacity to exercise.

On December 9, , he broke six ribs and was hospitalized for four days after a motorcycle crash in Los Angeles. Schwarzenegger saved a drowning man's life in while on vacation in Hawaii by swimming out and bringing him back to shore. On January 8, , while Schwarzenegger was riding his Harley Davidson motorcycle in Los Angeles, with his son Patrick in the sidecar, another driver backed into the street he was riding on, causing him and his son to collide with the car at a low speed.

While his son and the other driver were unharmed, Schwarzenegger sustained a minor injury to his lip, requiring 15 stitches.

Schwarzenegger tripped over his ski pole and broke his right femur while skiing in Sun Valley, Idaho , with his family on December 23, He was released from the St. John's Health Center on December 30, Schwarzenegger's private jet made an emergency landing at Van Nuys Airport on June 19, , after the pilot reported smoke coming from the cockpit, according to a statement released by his press secretary.

No one was harmed in the incident. Schwarzenegger's official height of 6'2" 1. In his bodybuilding days in the late s, he was measured to be 6'1. At one point, Wesson made an unsuccessful attempt to, in his own words, "settle this once and for all and find out how tall he is" by using a tailor's tape measure on the Governor.

Schwarzenegger's autobiography, Total Recall , was released in October He devotes one chapter called "The Secret" to his extramarital affair. The majority of his book is about his successes in the three major chapters in his life: Schwarzenegger was the first civilian to purchase a Humvee. He was so enamored by the vehicle that he lobbied the Humvee's manufacturer, AM General , to produce a street-legal , civilian version, which they did in ; the first two Hummer H1s they sold were also purchased by Schwarzenegger.

In , he had one regular and three running on non-fossil power sources; one for hydrogen , one for vegetable oil , and one for biodiesel. He was spotted and filmed in in his car, painted silver with bright aluminium forged wheels. His Bugatti has its interior adorned in dark brown leather.

During the gubernatorial recall campaign, he announced that he would convert one of his Hummers to burn hydrogen. After the election, he signed an executive order to jump-start the building of hydrogen refueling plants called the California Hydrogen Highway Network, and gained a U.

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