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As these microscopic scars contract, they impinge on the vessels carrying nutrients to the Central Nervous System cells. Nerves are responsible for sending important sensory information regarding pain, well-being and perceived threats from our bodies to our brains, and vice versa. Began with pain and burning of legs associted with jerking. Essential nutrients for animals are the energy sources, some of the amino acids that are combined to create proteins , a subset of fatty acids , vitamins and certain minerals. Unless an illness is associated with paralysis, it is understandable when a patient or the family have difficulty in establishing a workable timetable.
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Acai berry is useful for preventing early signs of aging and helping with skin regeneration. In people who develop high levels of oxidative stress, their skin is often one of the first things to show this. Dark spots, wrinkles, fine lines, sagginess and discoloration are all tied to free radical damage within the skin.
Consuming plenty of antioxidants helps the body repair damaged skin cells faster and, therefore, a more youthful appearance is maintained. Eating plenty of foods with antioxidants is a natural way to improve your focus and memory. Inflammation and oxidative stress are two major underlying causes of cognitive problems, including loss of memory, dementia and other age-related mental disorders.
Studies have found that fractions extracted from acai contain brain-saving nutrients, including anthocyanins such as cyanidin, delphinidin, malvidin, pelargonidin and peonidin, along with phenolics such as catechin, ferulic acid, quercetin, resveratrol, and synergic and vanillic acids.
Because it turns off inflammatory pathways that damage nerve signals in the brain, acai berries are believed to help stimulate mental functions and help someone think more clearly, maintain high energy levels and deal with various effects of psychological stress better. Some experts believe that acai berry has certain appetite-suppressing abilities thanks to how it effects various hormones that control blood sugar levels and feelings of hunger, fullness and satiety.
It seems to help improve metabolic functions which helps the body work better absorbing nutrients, breaking down foods, eliminating waste and regulating the release of insulin. Some research shows that that by helping boost proper digestion and controlling the amount of insulin in the blood, acai is beneficial for curbing cravings and might be helpful in a healthy weight loss plan.
Acai berry is considered a natural digestive cleanser, helping the liver and kidneys to process and remove waste and toxins from the body. By improving the metabolism in general, acai berries are capable of speeding up bowel transit time, preventing foods from fermenting in the intestines and causing bloating, gas and constipation. Studies show that regularly drinking acai juice has positive effects on blood lipid levels and can protect the heart. Acai is surprisingly rich in monounsaturated fas like oleic acid, which is found in heart-healthy extra virgin olive oil and helps the body use omega-3 fish oils to lower inflammation and make cell membranes.
The study looked at changes in reactive oxygen species and metabolic pathways in a small group of overweight adults after taking grams of acai twice daily for one month. After measuring fasting plasma glucose, insulin, cholesterol, triglycerides, exhaled breath nitric oxide metabolites eNO and plasma levels before and after the study, subjects on average experienced improvements in fasting glucose and insulin levels, a reduction in total choleseertol and borderline significant reduction in LDL-cholesterol levels.
The researchers concluded that acai might help overweight adults lower their odds of experinecing heart disease and diabetes, although more studies on a larger scale are still needed. Both acai and goji berry are superfoods jam packed with nutrients, all within small packages. Like acai berries, goji berries have been used for thousands of years and trace back to the origins of Traditional Chinese Medicine. In TMC goji berry is praised for improving stamina, strength, libido, fertility, heart health and longevity.
Just like acai, goji berry is rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, C, E, B6, plus a whopping 18 essential amino acids, linoleic acid, beta-carotene, 21 trace minerals, germanium and selenium. One of the advantages of goji berries is that they are free of saturated fats, sodium and cholesterol. Ulcers and hypoglycemia have also been associated with shortage of this vitamin. Essential to proper hemoglobin formation in red blood cells. Deficiency results in anemia, poor growth, skin pigmentation disorders and premature graying of the hair.
Vital lipotropic nutrient that sustains liver health and helps detoxify carcinogens, particularly excess female hormones. Helps normalize blood cholesterol levels. With choline, inositol is used by the liver to manufacture lecithin. Inositol is the second most abundant vitamin in the body, after niacin. Recent studies indicate that inositol, with biotin, reduces loss of scalp hair.
Also known as nicotinic acid and niacinamide, which is an alternative form, niacin is essential to mental health. The Physicians' Desk Reference, a pharmaceutical text used by doctors when prescribing medication, recognizes niacin as an effective cholesterol lowering agent. The most common vitamin deficiency is that of riboflavin and results in cataracts, failing vision, watery eyes and uncontrollable eczema. A co-enzyme in the breakdown of dietary carbohydrate. Maintains levels of glucose in the blood.
Deficiency results in weakness, cardiac damage, abdominal distention and poor oxygenation. Severe shortage results in death; critical toxemia develops from unmetabolized carbohydrate fragments.
It is required for the synthesis of collagen, the intercellular "cement" which holds tissues together. It is also one of the major antioxidant nutrients. Improves absorption and utilization of Calcium and Phosphorous; required for bone and teeth formation; maintains a stable nervous system and normal heart action. Algae in BioSuperfood contain more vitamin E per gram than pure wheat germ. Vitamin E protects heart and vascular health, promotes oxygenation of cells, and retards aging. Chloride ions have important physiological roles.
Also, the chloride-bicarbonate exchanger biological transport protein relies on the chloride ion to increase the blood's capacity of carbon dioxide, in the form of the bicarbonate ion. A crucial mineral that regulates body electrolyte balance. Deficiency can cause heart arrest, hypertension, adrenal exhaustion and muscular collapse.
The most abundant mineral in the body, it is especially important to bone and dental health, but is also involved in neural transmissions to the muscles. Spirulina in BSF supplies about as much calcium, gram for gram, as milk. Chlorophyll in BSF also contains rare calcium spirulan a well-known agent for its antibacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory benefits known to be effective against the AIDS virus.
Deficiency can lead to spasmodic muscle disorders, including cardiac irregularities. Helps assimilation of vitamin C, B vitamins and protein. The second most abundant mineral in the human body, it is found in practically every cell.
Functions with calcium to maintain bone density. Helps to digest carbohydrates and the B vitamins niacin and riboflavin. Sodium ions play a diverse and important role in many physiological processes.
An example of this is signal transduction in the human central nervous system, which depends on sodium ion motion across the nerve cell membrane, in all nerves. Sulfur is an essential component of all living cells.
It is found in the hair, nails and skin, and as much sulfur as potassium is normally found in the body. Sulfur is used to detoxify the body, assist the immune system and fight the effects of aging, as well as age related illnesses such as arthritis. Sulfur is an essential element of protein, biotin as well as vitamin B1. It is part of the chemical structure of the amino acids methionine, cysteine, taurine and glutathione.
It is further needed in the synthesis of collagen, which is needed for good skin integrity. Boron enhances the body's ability to use calcium, magnesium, as well as vitamin D.
It is also reported to assist in brain functioning and recognition. Boron seems to prevent calcium and magnesium from being lost in the urine and may help with decreasing menstrual pain by increasing the oestradiol level, which is a very active type of estrogen.
Boron may help with menopausal symptoms as well as maintaining healthy bones, since its affinity to calcium and magnesium. It may also have to do with reduction of arthritis symptoms.
Chromium is an essential nutrient required for normal sugar and fat metabolism and works primarily by potentiating the action of insulin. It is present in the entire body but with the highest concentrations in the liver, kidneys, spleen and bone. Although chromium is only required in very small amounts, our modern day diet has left many people short of chromium on a daily basis, with the average American being chromium deficient, and two out of three being hyperglycemic, pre-hyperglycemic or diabetic.
Chromium is needed for energy, maintains stable blood sugar levels. In cooperation with other substances, it controls insulin as well as certain enzymes. It works with GTF Glucose Tolerance Factor when this hormone-affiliated agent enters the bloodstream because of an increase of insulin in the bloodstream. Cobalt is part of the vitamin B 12 molecule. It is required in the manufacture of red blood cells and in preventing anemia. In a normal diet, deficiency is unlikely. In the cerebellum, these are Bergmann glia , which regulate synaptic plasticity.
In the retina, the radial Müller cell is the glial cell that spans the thickness of the retina and, in addition to astroglial cells,  participates in a bidirectional communication with neurons. Similar in function to oligodendrocytes, Schwann cells provide myelination to axons in the peripheral nervous system PNS. They also have phagocytotic activity and clear cellular debris that allows for regrowth of PNS neurons.
Satellite glial cells are small cells that surround neurons in sensory, sympathetic, and parasympathetic ganglia. Like astrocytes, they are interconnected by gap junctions and respond to ATP by elevating intracellular concentration of calcium ions. They are highly sensitive to injury and inflammation, and appear to contribute to pathological states, such as chronic pain. Are found in the intrinsic ganglia of the digestive system. They are thought to have many roles in the enteric system, some related to homeostasis and muscular digestive processes.
Microglia are specialized macrophages capable of phagocytosis that protect neurons of the central nervous system.
These cells are found in all regions of the brain and spinal cord. Microglial cells are small relative to macroglial cells, with changing shapes and oblong nuclei. They are mobile within the brain and multiply when the brain is damaged. In the healthy central nervous system, microglia processes constantly sample all aspects of their environment neurons, macroglia and blood vessels. In a healthy brain, microglia direct the immune response to brain damage and play an important role in the inflammation that accompanies the damage.
Many diseases and disorders are associated with deficient microglia, such as Alzheimer's disease , Parkinson's disease , and ALS. Pituicytes from the posterior pituitary are glia cells with characteristics in common to astrocytes. In general, neuroglial cells are smaller than neurons. The glia to neuron-ratio in the cerebral cortex is 3. The ratio in the cerebral cortex gray matter is 1. Most glia are derived from ectodermal tissue of the developing embryo , in particular the neural tube and crest.
The exception is microglia , which are derived from hemopoietic stem cells. In the adult, microglia are largely a self-renewing population and are distinct from macrophages and monocytes, which infiltrate the injured and diseased CNS. In the central nervous system, glia develop from the ventricular zone of the neural tube.
These glia include the oligodendrocytes, ependymal cells, and astrocytes. In the peripheral nervous system, glia derive from the neural crest. These PNS glia include Schwann cells in nerves and satellite glial cells in ganglia. Current research involving glial cells in the human cochlea proposes that these cells are the common precursor to both mature Schwann cells and satellite glial cells. Additionally, the peripheral glial cells located along the peripheral processes expressed NGFR, indicating a phenotype distinct from the peripheral glial cells located along the central processes.
Glia retain the ability to undergo cell division in adulthood, whereas most neurons cannot. The view is based on the general deficiency of the mature nervous system in replacing neurons after an injury, such as a stroke or trauma, while very often there is a profound proliferation of glia, or gliosis near or at the site of damage. However, detailed studies found no evidence that 'mature' glia, such as astrocytes or oligodendrocytes , retain the ability of mitosis.
Only the resident oligodendrocyte precursor cells seem to keep this ability after the nervous system matures. On the other hand, there are a few regions in the mature nervous system, such as the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus and the subventricular zone , where generation of new neurons can be observed. Glial cells are known to be capable of mitosis. By contrast, scientific understanding of whether neurons are permanently post-mitotic ,  or capable of mitosis,    is still developing.
In the past, glia had been considered [ by whom? For example, glial cells were not believed to have chemical synapses or to release transmitters. They were considered to be the passive bystanders of neural transmission. However, recent studies have shown this to be untrue.
Some glial cells function primarily as the physical support for neurons. Others regulate the internal environment of the brain, especially the fluid surrounding neurons and their synapses , and nutrify neurons. During early embryogenesis , glial cells direct the migration of neurons and produce molecules that modify the growth of axons and dendrites.